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Differentiating Factors of Web app, Desktop and Client-Server Testing

Differentiating Factors of Web app, Desktop and Client-Server Testing. web application testing, desktop application testing, client server testingNowadays many sorts of software testing platforms are accessible for a testing software product. However generally utilized is web application testing, desktop application testing, client server testing other than there is a considerable measure of their mixtures.

Web innovation is quickly growing at this point. Professionals in manual and automated testing realize that numerous sorts of web programs exist presently. At the beginning of web innovation, there were just 2-tire web software products known as client-server applications.

Whenever web and software innovation turned out to be more advanced, 3-tire web applications showed up.

Although three types of frameworks are available at current software market that is web application testing, desktop application testing, client server testing, and this can synchronously work on more than one gadget.

Those, who perform compatibility testing, security testing, functional testing, and so on of web programs, realize that there is a few difference in web application testing, desktop application testing, client server testing.

However, few people are still confused and achieving a stop about obscured the distinction between web application testing, desktop application testing, client server testing. However, this below mentioned differentiating factors would reveal the critical testing highlights of these three software testing types.

What is web application testing?

The web application is an application reserved at a remote server that needs a web program as a customer to run and web for resource/information exchange. In this, the web testing is done on various programs, different Operating System. The application is checked for its OS compatibility and browser compatibility, highlights like back end, functionality, static page testing, GUI, load testing.

 What is desktop application testing?

The desktop application is an application intended to serve independent machines that don’t require web for its operation. In this sort of testing, we concentrate on a particular condition. It includes testing the application totally in highlights like backend, graphical UI, functionality and database or load.

What is client server testing?

The client server application testing executed for the 2 tier apps. Here we will have front-end and backend. The application propelled on front-end will have structures and reports which will be monitoring and controlling information at the back-end.

Below Given some more points to clear out your doubt about the web application testing, desktop application testing, client server testing:

Web based application testing:

  • Distribution and upgradation for web application require distribution on the single arrangement of server machines.
  • Web applications can get from anyplace, so there is no area limitation.
  • Web applications are stage autonomous; they can work in various sorts of stages with the primary necessity of web program
  • Web applications are at higher security hazards as they are characteristically intended to expand accessibility.
  • Web applications depend vigorously on web network, for their operation.

Example of the web application testing framework: These applications 3 – level normally created on the Internet. These have a program, a database and a web server. These applications mainly worked in Javascript, HTML, XML etc. and the web server is, for the most part, worked in Java, ASP, JavaScript, VBScript, and PHP. The Database servers would be a prophet, MySQL, SQL server and so forth.

Desktop based application testing:

  • Distribution and any upgradation/fix are done on single customer machines independently.
  • As desktop is limited to an independent machine, so they can be just gotten to from the machines they sent
  • Desktop applications should be created independently for various stage machines.
  • Desktop application then again has better approval and heads have better control, consequently more secure.
  • Desktop applications don’t require web for their operations. A few applications simply require web availability at the season of updations.

Example of desktop application testing: Applications like MS Excel, MS Word, and Outlook. Some desktop applications made by advancements like HTML and JS which enable the engineers to compose code. In this way, the desktop applications additionally built of these advances.

Client server testing in software testing:

  • Client Server testing keeps running on two more PCs.
  • There are at least two frameworks in which one is server and other is a client. The application stacked on the server and an executable document introduced on the client machines.
  • It has a different client yet predetermined number.
  • In this, we know about the server area.
  • It is performed on 2 level applications usually.
  • In Client Server, we test highlights of apps like GUI on the two sides, functionality.
  • Here the earth is usually the intranet.
  • These are menu driven application testing.
  • In Client Server application there are constrained clients, and the application client is already known. They may have a password/username to get the application.

Example of client server application testing: These applications are 2 – level created in LAN as a rule. They have a front end in the type of structures and reports. The front end would enable the client to control and bring information. These applications created in C#, VB, Core Java etc. and would client Database such as Sybase, MySQL, Oracle.

According to contrast among these three, the web application testing methodology comes where, how to get into the assets.

On the other hand using client server testing tools once the network is made it will be in the state on associated, though if there should arise an occurrence of web testing HTTP convention is stateless, at that point there comes logic of cookies, which isn’t in client server.

Whereas Automation testing tools for the desktop application have customarily been restricted by the equipment on which they run.

For client server application clients are outstanding, while for automated web application testing any client can login and get to the substance, he/she will utilize it according to his goals.

Moreover, in desktop application testing tools, open source may have strict equipment prerequisites that must be met to guarantee that they work efficiently.

However whether it is web application testing services or using of desktop application testing tools, client-server apps, each one has their benefits and limitations that we need to be aware of, which helps you in choosing the required software testing for your apps. However, TestOrigen’s tester is very smart and well understands how to test desktop application manually as well as automatically with great knowledge of client-server testing and web application testing tools too.

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Mobile Testing with Simulators fulfilling the lack of a real device

Mobile Testing with Simulators fulfilling the lack of a real device. mobile simulators for testingTesting on real devices dependably pays off. However, that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t likewise use mobile simulators for testing. This virtual situation not just grows your testing scope to more gadgets, yet additionally are a speedy and simple approach to test little changes on the fly.

What is simulator in mobile testing?

The mobile app testing simulators is a less complicated application that simulates a portion of the mobile’s habits, yet does not copy hardware and does not work on the real OS.

These tools are more easy to use and helpful for the lack of a real device. A mobile simulator might be made by the gadget maker or by some other organization offering a simulation domain for developers or testers.


Various types of mobile simulators for testing iOS and Androids:

For iOS applications, the Xcode mobile handset simulators empower us to test crosswise over various mixtures of hardware and software, yet just from a Mac.

Note the accompanying necessities:

  • Testing with the iOS Simulator requires a Macintosh PC and Xcode.
  • The .application document of the application under test.

Follow these steps to generate The .application File:

By default setting, any iOS project is worked to keep running on   armv7s, armv7 and arm64 frameworks which associated with mobile devices. To run it on a PC, we have to add i386 to Valid Architectures. Take these steps in Xcode to make an .application document with i386 added to its Valid Architectures:

  1. Open the project
  2. Select the project in the left sheet
  3. Select the project name under targets
  4. Tap on Build Settings
  5. Write “valid” in the Search bar at the upper right corner
  6. Tap on “Valid Architectures” in the list items
  7. Add i386 to the current structures
  8. Assemble the project

Since we have the .application document, we have to install it on the Xcode simulator.

Project to install The .application File on the Xcode Simulator:

  1. Dispatch the Xcode test system

Dispatch the Xcode test system. mobile simulators for testing

2. Open Terminal

 Open Terminal. mobile simulators for testing

3. Write the accompanying summon: xcrun simctl introduce booted “area of the .application document” and press Enter

Write the accompanying summon xcrun simctl introduce booted area of the application document and press Enter. mobile simulators for testing

4. The application will be installed on the mobile simulator

The application will be installed on the mobile simulator.  mobile simulators for testing

5. Dispatch the application

Android Emulator:

Same as to iOS simulator, Android mobile simulators for testing is named as emulator and it is cross-platform compatible so you can install them on desktops of Mac, Windows, or Linux OS with no issue.

For establishment of Android emulator, you need to download its whole pack of ADT for Eclipse and Android SDK. When you introduce the Android SDK bundle as indicated by the Google’s rules and with Intel x86 Emulator Accelerator.

When you complete establishments, now going to make Android Virtual Device for your focused aims on testing gadget. Next, in AVD director, you will see the rundown of preset gadgets in Device Definitions, and in this rundown, you will discover assortment of Google items including non specific gadgets.

Presently, select one of the presets and make your selected gadgets by tapping on Create AVD button. Further, select CPU as indicated by your machine and set No Skin and in addition Use have GPU to run virtual gadget on your machine. At long last, you can run program to test website on mobile locally utilizing some console order and mouse reciprocally.

Lujayn has best responsive website composition developers who utilize some different test systems and emulators excessively like Opera Mini Emulator BlackBerry Simulators and Windows Phone Emulator for Windows 8.

We have seen that how to test mobile application using simulator as well as that virtual gadgets function admirably to design, prototyping and testing mobile applications while the underlying phases of improvement. Testing the application on a virtual gadget is exceptionally helpful yet it must never displace real devices testing.

However, a major part of mobile testing is executed on real devices previously the application is discharged for end clients. A decent approach is to utilize a mixture of both, simulator testing while the underlying stages and real device testing at the late phases of app improvement life-cycle.

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Did you know Fuzz Testing?

Did you know Fuzz Testing. fuzz testing in software testingFuzzing or Fuzz testing in software testing is the strategy that includes giving invalid, sudden or irregular test contributions to the software product framework under test. The framework is then observed for crashes and other nasty habit. Fuzz testing can be compelling for discovering security vulnerabilities, for example, the Heartbleed bug.

What is fuzz testing?

Fuzz testing definition: Fuzz testing in software testing is a sort of testing where semi-automated or automated testing methods are utilized to find coding defects and security loopholes in software product, Os, or network by contributing invalid or irregular information called FUZZ to the framework. After which the framework is checked for different special cases, for example, smashing down of the framework or falling flat in-built code, and so forth.

How fuzz testing web applications performed:

Fuzz testing is an exceptionally basic strategy to execute:

  • Set up a right document to contribution to your program.
  • Substitute some piece of the document with irregular information.
  • Open the document with the program.
  • See what breaks.


You can fluctuate the random information in any number of ways. For instance, you may randomize the whole document as opposed to substituting only a small piece of it. You could constrain the document to ASCII content or non-zero bytes. Regardless of how you might look at it, the key is to toss a considerable measure of random information at an application and see what fails.

Various Testing procedure for automated white-box fuzz testing

Protocol-Based Fuzzers, the best fuzzer is to have detailed understanding of protocol format being tested. The understanding relies upon the particular details. It includes composing a variety of the detail into the fuzz testing tools at that point by utilizing model-based test generation procedure experience the determination and include defect in the information substance, succession, and so forth. This is as well called syntax testing, punctuation testing, and robustness testing, and so on. Fuzzer can produce test cases from existing one, or they can utilize legitimate or invalid sources of inputs.

Mutation-Based Fuzzers modify existing information samples to make new test information. This is extremely basic and straight forward approach; this begins with legitimate samples of convention and continues mutilating each byte or record.

Generation-Based Fuzzers characterize new information relying on the contribution of the model. It begins creating contribution from the scratch in view of the detail.

Fuzz testing example:

A typical fuzz testing example is a whole number field that is intended to oblige a couple of particular numbers, for example, one through five, yet where a client can enter any number relying on the non-exclusive setup of the information field or control. Entering a high value may cause an issue or crash. While, fuzz testing in software testing, engineers try different things with contributing a wide range of irregular reactions, and afterward report any bugs that happen. At times, engineers may utilize a tool called a fuzzer to infuse random information.

Rundown of fuzz testing tools and techniques:

Fuzz testing tools and techniques can be utilized to test any kind of software, and numerous fuzzers exist for particular purposes.

The accompanying is a rundown of fuzzers, the vast majority of them being open source fuzzing tools and many still in dynamic improvement.


Crash Observation Engine, a tool created by CERT which utilizes mutational fuzzing to recognize vulnerabilities in Windows programs.


A developmental information based fuzzer.

Google Sanitizers

A collection of four information sanitizers created at Google that utilized fuzzing to recognize program errors:

LeakSanitizer, which recognizes memory leaks

ThreadSanitizer, which recognizes race conditions in C++ and Go

AddressSanitizer, which recognizes memory address, defects in C++ and C programs

Memory Sanitizer, which recognizes uninitialized memory.


The source code of CERT FOE.


American Fuzzy Lop, a tool that utilizes hereditary calculations to test the security of assembled projects.


A tool created by Twitter to find vulnerabilities in web administrations.


A protocol fuzzing toolbox.


The circulated fuzzing tools for windows and Linux.

Pros and Cons of fuzz testing in software testing


  • Fuzz testing enhances Software Security Testing.
  • Bugs found in fuzzing are occasionally extreme and more often than not utilized by hackers including unhandled exception, memory spill, crashes and so forth.
  • In a case any of the bugs’ neglects to get saw by the testers because of the impediment of time and assets those bugs are additionally found in Fuzz testing.


  • Fuzz testing alone can’t give a whole image of a general security danger or bugs.
  • Fuzz testing is less compelling for managing security dangers that don’t cause program crashes, for example, some infections, worms, Trojan, and so forth.
  • Fuzz testing can recognize just easily detectable flaws or dangers.
  • To perform successfully, it will require noteworthy time.


Fuzz testing basically security testing and we have the mastery, tools, and services you require to solve your security testing issues.

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Top Best ways to make good relationship among QA and Developers

Top Best ways to make good relationship among QA and Developers. qa and developer relationshipIn a development group, there are times when the QA and developer relationship can grow up noticeably exhausted. The main question arises that how should QA engineer communicate with a developer? How might you transform this potential conflict between developer and tester into something more positive?

Is it a role in the expertise of team-working attempting to discover methods for maintaining a strategic distance from contact, or would it be a good idea for one to accuse a framework that depends for good social abilities to function effectively?

It’s silly, how nearly everywhere developers consider QA engineers as the troublemakers. In reality it is not their faults as nobody want to hear defects and issues in his/her own child.

Also, same thing which QA engineers or testers are doing, obviously expectation behind that is to convey quality software product to customer. Always there is harshness sooner or later in the relationship between developer and tester. Ask why? It’s the character and duty of these two parts.

At the point when count of bug increases or bugs are serious and it’s making trouble for developer in fixing that bug, developer get disappointed at the number of bugs and even at the quality analyst also. The understanding level between the developers and testers working together struggle in one place as well as in numerous regions.

However let’s be enthusiastic: What can QA do and what perspective would it be advisable for both the testing team and development team in achieving the end goal to understand the capability of coordinated development?


Below some of the ways that can be helpful in enhancing the QA and developer relationship while working together:

Try not to Embarrass: As nobody likes faults to be brought up. That is human instinct. Take a stab at clarifying the 10,000 foot view requirement for fixing that specific bug as opposed to simply terminating cumbersome bug reports at developers. A flood of bugs not just annoys the developers but it makes tester and developer relationship worthless.

Similarly as tester can’t test a program totally, developers can’t develop programs without issues, and they have to know this before whatever else. Defects are presumed; they’re a natural part of the software testing and development life-cycle.

Be Patient and Cordial: As a tester you may think that it’s harder to assure an engineer about a defect you’ve found. Frequently, if a tester uncovered one bug, the software engineer will be prepared with ten supports. It’s occasionally troublesome for engineers to acknowledge the way that their code is defective—and another person has found it.

Developers want support from the QA testers, who can guarantee them that finding new bugs is healthy, advantageous and critical in making the software product as well as it can be expected. A humanistic approach will dependably enable the QA and engineers to know themselves better. Trust me, in a matter of moments a similar individual could sit with you and making fun at the issues that presented bugs, it feels you bad. However, friendliness generally helps in getting the developers to say “yes” to your bug report. An essential initial step for making developer tester conversation good for starting!

Be Cautious: Adaptability and diplomacy don’t substitute the need to be careful. Engineers regularly discover a reason to state that they declined to settle a bug since they didn’t understand how genuine the issue was. The testers must outline their bug reports and test records in a way that apparently lays out the dangers and reality of issues. What’s far superior is to direct a meeting between quality analyst and developers for disclosing the issues personally to them. It will surely make QA and developer relationship phenomenal.

You Win Some, You Lose Some: As the testers who make their bug reports as inflexible as could be expected under the circumstances. They won’t listen to the engineer’s clarifications for not having the capacity to settle a bug or actualize a feature. Testers need to relax and sit with the engineer for investigating the need as well as seriousness of a bug together. This will help better communication among QA and developers. In any case that the developer has a legitimate and sensible clarification behind their objection to change something then tries to understand their point of view. However be assured where to adhere software testing methodologies in ensuring a definitive quality of the software product.

Few more Tips explained below to make good relationship among testers and developers:

  1. Share your procedure with engineers. Try not to keep it imagining that you will give it as an issue at later stage. This won’t be good for the QA and developer relationship goals.
  2. Tester must be friendly with developers that make a good bond among developer and tester.
  3. Testers have positive issue announcing style; it must not hurt somebody’s emotions.


TestOrigen’s testers are following the same guidance mentioned here which is the key to success of our more than thousand projects. Moreover, it is important to always remember that both the QA and developer relationship goals really have a similar objective. Both of them need to discharge the most ideal software product as fast as would be possible.

At the point when both testers and developers work together towards that objective, small differences won’t appear that huge. The QA and developers will have the capacity to function properly in solving issues and may even understand that engineers and testers aren’t enemies after all.

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Virtual Machines, a Friend or Foe in software Testing world

Virtual Machines, a Friend or Foe in software Testing world. virtual machines for testingUtilizing virtual machines for testing is welcomed as a QA testing practice. This Automated Testing in Virtual Machines permits to save cash by running various virtual machines on less PC and furthermore enables testers to test distinctive application assembled on an everlasting system configuration.

Testing a virtual machine requires a touch of a bit of up-front effort, however the result is well justified, despite all the trouble.

The use of VM is somewhat financially savvy. It empowers the masters to perform distinctive sorts of testing, e.g., performance testing on virtual machines and cross browser testing virtual machines, utilizing a single PC. Application is released under different VM and in various programs.

Additionally, virtual machines for testing seek after a few objectives such as the execution of functional testing and regression testing of client-server applications. What’s more, in addition, all these checking procedures can be automated too.

Moreover, a virtual machine test environment gives you a chance to test OSes and applications before formation.

What is Virtual Machine?

Virtual Machine is a totally isolate individual OS establishment on your standard operating system. It is actualized by hardware virtualization and software emulation.

Virtual machine is a product usage of a physical machine – PC – that works and executes analogically to it. Virtual machines for testing are partitioned in two classifications in view of their utilization and correspondence to genuine machine: framework virtual machines and process virtual machines. Initially classification gives an entire framework stage that executes finish working framework; second one will run a solitary program. Moreover there is also free internet explorer testing virtual machines from Microsoft available to automate your testing efforts as fast as it can do.

Virtual Machine Tools and Applications:

What is VMware Tools?

The Open Virtual Machine Tools are the open source execution of VMware Tools. They are an arrangement of visitor OS virtualization parts that improve execution and client experience of virtual machines.

As virtualization innovation quickly progresses toward becoming standard, every virtualization arrangement supplier actualizes their own particular arrangement of virtual machine testing tools and utilities to supplement the visitor virtual machine. Although, the greater part of the usage are restrictive and are fixing to a particular virtualization stage.

Let’s take a look on some of them:


AnyDesk was planned starting from the earliest stage to be notable. At its center is DeskRT, another video codec that is particularly intended for graphical UIs. That is the cause AnyDesk is one jump forward.

AnyDesk is the speediest remote desktop software available. It takes into account new use applications and situations that have not been conceivable with current remote desktop software.


Kernel-Based Virtual Machine is the second best decision. KVM is a full virtualization solution for Linux and is discovered lately on most Linux Distros. It’s really favored by more Linux masters than VMware or XenServer, and it fits splendidly into OpenStack.

There are FREE or completely upheld forms from RedHat and it does all the cool stuff as well. However, as Hyper-V with Linux, KVM has limits with virtualizing Windows.

VirtualBox-Windows/Mac/Linux, Free

VirtualBox has an unwavering tracking due to a mixture of a free-as-in-lager price tag, cross-platform support, and an enormous number of highlights that make running and keeping up virtual machines a breeze.

Virtual machine test environment and parameters are put away totally in plain-content XML documents for simple flexibility and simple envelope sharing. Its “Visitor Additions” highlight, handy for Linux, Solaris, and Windows virtual machines, makes VirtualBox easy to understand, enabling you to introduce software on the VM that stipends additional benefits to the host machine for tasks such as sharing records, sharing drives and peripherals etc.


With regards to conveying the Windows experience to Mac clients, Parallels Desktop 11 is, very much, unparalleled. The most recent incarnation of the product is good with OS X El Capitan, enabling you to copy Windows XP, 7, 8, and 10 as a visitor working framework.

It enables you to helpfully run Mac and Windows applications next to each other without rebooting, while also giving devices to rapidly moving records between working frameworks, propelling projects specifically from your Mac dock, and getting to distributed storage.

The virtualization in software testing brings the accompanying points of benefits using virtual machines for testing:

  • The team verifies the software product under boundless number of user configurations. VM identifies the projects that are possibly incompatible.
  • Virtual machines are extremely helpful – a serious defect on VM won’t influence the physical PC.
  • It is very simple to emulate the backup procedure on virtual machines. Tester just copies the required envelope or makes a snapshot.
  • Testers can clone diverse virtual machines with their present states saved. This can be connected cloning or an entire one.

Yet, in spite of all the previously mentioned benefits of VM, they also have a few cons:

  • At the point when different virtual machines are at the same time running on a host PC, each virtual machine may present an unsteady execution, which relies upon the workload on the framework by other running virtual machines;
  • Virtual machine isn’t that effective as a genuine one while getting into the hardware.

Therefore Virtual machines for testing can be your friend if it is used in a right way and also at good virtual test environment setup. However, if you need to arrange a virtual test environment for a few machines, at that point you require a physical host otherwise it can be your foe as well.

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Key Options for the Estimation of Software Quality

Key Options for the Estimation of Software Quality. estimation techniques in software testingA software quality estimation model is regularly manufactured utilizing known software quality metrics and estimation techniques in software testing acquired from program modules of already created discharges or comparative tasks.

Such regulated learning ways to deal with estimation of software quality accept that software testing estimation techniques ppt is accessible for all the previously created modules.

Considering the different manual issues in software project advancement, Software Test Estimation Techniques may not be accessible for all the product modules in the preparation information.

Generally, the accessible labeled preparing information is such that a managed learning methodology may not yield great software quality expectation. Interestingly, a managed order scheme helped by unlabeled information, i.e., semi-regulated learning, may yield better outcomes.

What is Software Test Estimation?

Test Estimation is an administration action which approximates to what extent a Task would take to finish. Assessing effort for the test is one of the major and vital assignments in Test Management.

Test estimation techniques in software testing are an activity of assessing the push to finish the testing. In test estimation of software quality, we think of the qualities and calculating the length that required testing in matrix base or quantitative base. Test estimation techniques in software development are critical to plan the task and distribute assets.

Various test estimation techniques in software testing:

Work break down structure:

To start with recognize all points of testing work from the earliest starting point to end. At that point discover the tasks in every class of software testing all through the project and break it into little assignments. Break it further if require. The smaller task is less demanding to estimate. Distribute every undertaking among testers and begin compute the estimation to finish each assignment. To assess work separate structure, should know testing assignment in detail. Step by how we will do each testing assignments. When we separate in to task and gauge we won’t miss any testing and cover fully. Work separate structure is useful to do the planning effectively and also can include the milestone and task duration effectively.

Function Point Estimation:

Recognize the functions in the software product. Split software’s functions to be tested among the assets accessible. Figure to what extent it needs to test every function. Steps to test every function. How often a function will be tested?

We can appoint weightage and measure the estimation for whole functions. It’s only an approach to estimate. We can evaluate without the weightage too. Moreover, there are a few approaches to allocate weightage to each function.

3-point software testing estimation technique:

Three point estimation is another strategy to assess the task. Each task will be separate to minor sub assignment and evaluated. This is effort estimation techniques in software testing by 3 purposes of you and measure the last effort at the end.  Effort is assessed in three ways. Whoever is assessing should think of the effort for best case, in all probability and most pessimistic scenario.

Best case estimation: Best case situation is assessing the effort expecting everything is going accurately and nothing turns out badly. Software Estimation Techniques considered every one of the situations goes positive. This additionally alludes as hopeful estimation.

In all likelihood estimation: Most likely situation is evaluating the effort accepting the majority of the things are goes great however, perhaps there are a few issues can be happened.  Estimating considered the greater part of the situations goes positive and a few situations go negative.

Most pessimistic scenario estimation: Worst case situation is evaluating the efforts accepting everything turns out badly. Test estimation tools considered every one of the situations goes negative. This likewise alludes as negative estimation

A software quality metrics in software testing is a quantitative measure to clarify at what degree a property of testing or product quality or process has performed. It utilizes more than one measure to give a quantifiable data.

10 Steps for a Successful software quality metrics:

  1. Distinguish clear and quantifiable objectives
  2. Characterize the granularity of estimations and drill down the key factors.
  3. Make inquiries and select measurements.
  4. Choose periodicity of measurements.
  5. Build up an estimation technique.
  6. Characterize the detailing systems.
  7. Produce hypotheses around key factors/factors.
  8. Gather both quantitative and subjective information.
  9. Break down measurements and make move things.
  10. Track activity things and guarantee the change relying on the measurements result.


We, at TestOrigen use estimation techniques in software testing for the measurement time, resources or human skills and providing best software testing services at an affordable cost.

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Is there any Assertion Testing exist?

Is there any Assertion Testing exist. assertion testing in software testingThe assertion testing in software testing executed to confirm the states of the test and determine whether test has passed or failed. An assertion testing is viewed as successful ONLY if it is finished without tossing any deviation.

The term ‘assertion’ implies a Boolean expression that worries a characterized thing of the software program that will be valid until the point that the framework issue happens. Test assertions are the announcement that depicts logic of any framework under test.

What is assertion in selenium?

The Assertion testing in software testing outcomes depend on the correlation of Actual and Expected Results. A test is considered passed just when the Assertions demonstrate no Exceptions. In this way, the utilization of Assertions assumes a fundamental part in recognizing the defects in the application being tested. There are two sorts of assertions in Selenium that we can put in our test scripts utilizing TestNG:

  • Soft Assertions
  • Hard Assertions

Soft Assertions: If you have to execute the rest of the test case even after an assertion fails, and you as well need to report assertion and test case disappointment in TestNG report, TestNG gives soft assertions to this as compare to hard assertions, they don’t convey the whole program to an end, i.e. a test script does not quit running regardless of the possibility that an assertion fails, but rather the test itself is neglected to demonstrate the correct outcome.

This technique collects all of the failures and chooses whether to finish the test case or not toward the end. TestNG library itself offers the office to perform Soft Assertion TestStep in your test without composing any custom rationale.

Hard Assertions: As the name recommends, these assertions in test automation put a strict limitation on the test script in which it is set. When utilizing hard assertions in the test scripts, your test script will quit executing when the assertion falls flat, and the test will be bombed in TestNG report.

About Assertion TestStep:

The Assertion TestStep grows the possibility of assertion taking care and administration. It gives the adaptability of making easy and complex  assertions that can attest any property from the project level to singular TestStep in a test case, and in addition  reaction, request, JMS, JDBC or Security-related actions. You can as well aggregate assertions to utilize the Boolean rationale.

Different types of assertions:

Assertions in selenium can be utilized as parts of 3 modes which are clarified beneath:

Assert: If you utilize assert in your tests then the test will be prematurely ended if the assert falls flat. Next test case will begin performing in case you are running a test suite.

Verify: If verify is utilized then the test case won’t prematurely end regardless of the possibility that the verify fails. It will keep performing and log the defects for the failed conditions.

WaitFor: WaitFor order sits waits for the condition to end up plainly true. In a case the condition is genuine already the test case proceeds else it waits for the conditions to wind up noticeably genuine. In a case the condition doesn’t turns out to be valid inside indicated time-out period test will fail and stop.

Pros and Cons of Assertion Testing in Software Testing:

Pros of Assertions:

The fundamental benefit of having assertions is to distinguish defects in a program. The value of statements includes:

  • It is utilized to recognize subtle issues which may go unnoticed.
  • It is utilized to distinguish defects sooner after they happen.
  • Create an impression about the impacts of the code that is ensured to be valid.

Cons of Assertion

Like some other bit of code, assertions may themselves contain issues. It can prompt the accompanying issues:

  • Neglecting to report a bug that exists.
  • Announcing an issue when it doesn’t exist.
  • Can prompt opposite symptoms
  • Can take time to execute if it contains bugs and possesses memory also.


Although, sometimes the outcome of bugged assertions can be shocking. They can cause the hindrance that may stop the testing methodology too.


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Main Goals of Configuration Testing

Main Goals of Configuration Testing. configuration testing in software testingConfiguration testing in software testing includes approving an application’s performance in different situations. This kind of testing decides the prompt or long haul impacts of configuration changes on the system’s action and execution.

In any case, it’s conceivable that your software product could be installed on a wide range of configurations; at that point this sort of testing is completely important. Doing as such will approve perfect configurations and alert you to inconsistent ones.

Mostly, the quantity of conceivable configurations is too huge to test. This reality alone implies that it’s essential that the arranging phase of a configuration testing attempt distinguish just those configurations that will be supported. Needs should be built up relying on the supposed client base and dangers related with masked bugs in specific configurations.

What is configuration testing?

Configuration testing in software testing is the way toward the testing of system with every single one of the supported hardware/software configurations. The Execution phase supports configuration testing by permitting reuse of the produced tests.

Why configuration testing is necessary?

Without performing configuration management in software testing, it is hard to characterize and break down the ideal framework execution, and the software product can experience compatibility issues with the frameworks it is intended to keep running on.

Configuration testing is intended to:

  • Check whether the product fulfills configurability needs.
  • Decide ideal configuration settings.
  • Find bugs by changing some discretionary settings, e.g., Time Zone, Language, and so on.
  • Check whether identified bugs are reproducible on other configuration conditions.
  • Check framework execution by changing hardware configuration such as memory size.

Configuration testing with example:

How about we understand this with a case of a Desktop Application:

Mostly, Desktop applications will be of 2 level or 3 level, here we will consider a 3 level Desktop application which is created utilizing Asp.Net and comprises of Client, Business Logic Server and Database Server where every part supports underneath said stages.

  • Client Platform - Windows 8 OS, Window7 OS, Windows XP, and so on
  • Server Platform - Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012R2
  • Database – SQL Server 2012, SQL Server 2008R2, SQL Server 2008, and so on.

A tester needs to test the Combination of Client, Server and Database with mixes of the previously mentioned stages and database variants to guarantee that the application is working appropriately and does not fail.

Main Goals of Configuration Testing in software testing:

The targets of configuration Testing is to

  • Approving the application to decide whether it satisfies the configurability necessities.
  • Check of the framework in a geologically appropriated Environment to confirm how viably the framework performs.
  • Confirming how effortlessly the bugs are reproducible independent of the setup changes.
  • Guaranteeing how traceable the application things are by appropriately archiving and keeping up the renditions which are effectively identifiable.
  • Confirming how reasonable the application things are all through the product improvement life cycle.
  • Manually causing failures which help in distinguishing the bugs that are not productively found at the testing.
  • Decide an ideal configuration of the application under test.
  • Breaking down the framework execution by including or adjusting the hardware assets like Load Balancers, increment or decrement in memory size, associating different printer models, and so forth.
  • Examining framework Efficiency based on the prioritization, how effectively the tests were performed with the assets accessible to accomplish the ideal framework arrangement.

TestOrigen already has broad range of means required for configuration testing, so our clients don’t overpay for additional configuration testing tools. Furthermore, we generally base our services of configuration testing on the examination of market and target audible to eliminate the OS forms that are not utilized by end clients.

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Telematics Testing Solutions for Usage-based Insurance

Telematics Testing Solutions for Usage-based InsuranceUse based Insurance and Telematics Testing are important parts of future auto insurance market. The parameters on which estimations are recorded such as driver behavior, place, distance and time. Telematics insurance records these and other applicable parameters, through a small gadget fitted into automobiles.

Use based Insurance is a creative sort of vehicle insurance that figures insurance costs relied mainly on vehicle utilized. Use based Insurance enables insurance bearers to monitor their client driving behavior through a telematics device.

The data collected using telematics device can be followed utilizing odometer readings or in-vehicle media transmission gadgets that are typically either self-introduced into a unique vehicle port, or effectively coordinated in unique gear introduced via auto fabricates.

From the received data, insurance transporters dissect ongoing information, rather than depending exclusively on prescient hazard displaying. Prescient hazard demonstrating depends on various measurements, not which are all applicable. The ongoing information helps organizations in growing new products and in computing auto premium cost with higher exactness.

Customers who utilize Use based Insurance are given an assembled discount at every restoration, normally extending in the proximity of 5% and 25% off their premium. Drivers can frequently track their debate on the web or by means of the mobile application. Use based Insurance is quickly picking up footing, especially among youthful clients.

Telematics definition:

Telematics is a mixture of the words informatics and telecommunications. Telematics, in a wide sense, is any incorporated utilization of telecommunications with data and communications innovation. It is the innovation of sending, accepting and putting away data connected to wireless things – like vehicles – through media transmission gadgets.

Telematics testing solutions:

Auto Insurance organizations have depended on factors like credit-based protection scores and the age of the driver to choose premiums as the genuine driving habit was not noticeable. Changes in the driving examples took sufficiently long to reflect in the premiums forced. The landing of telematics software testing has changed this condition by letting insurance agencies get clearness and measure the driving habit and extend the valuing precision.

Telematics automotive software testing techniques has ensured that the automobiles are being viewed over by a spy and it is ideal! There has been alleviation for the trained drivers who used to pay for mistakes of other individuals, as auto insurance organizations have sent telematics to assess driver hazard profiles and in the end calculate premiums on the go. Telematics Testing is the innovation that aides in sending, accepting, and putting away data from street vehicles.

Telematics frameworks are little size frameworks, it is kept under the dashboard of the vehicles and is utilized by GPS innovation. They can screen and transmit data, for example, flow vehicle speed against the speed furthest reaches of the street, street conditions, the braking, cornering, and quickening behavior for the driver, and so forth. Insurance agencies approach each driver’s behavior out and about, by which they can settle insurance premiums and foresee expected cases. This innovation can enable insurers’ right inconsistencies in expanding evaluating exactness, to chance orders, enhance benefit, decrease guarantee costs, battle deceitful cases, make mark differentiators, and enable lower premiums.

For clients, UBI prompts bring down premiums, furnishing them with value-added administrations, for example, route and infotainment, youngster driver observing, crisis administrations, vehicle diagnostics, and stolen vehicle recovery. Other than this, drivers can utilize it to build up safe driving habits to insurance agencies following an accident and clients who drive at high speeds will be made a request to pay high premiums. But, before the broad selection happens, the automotive embedded software testing of telematics is necessary.

The Need and Challenges of Telematics Testing:

The interconnectivity of telematics makes it critical to guarantee that respectability and exactness are kept up in the information being transmitted starting with one gadget then onto the next. This calls for consistent incorporation and in-depth knowledge of how the gadgets work separately and in addition how they speak with each other.

Regularly, the frameworks under test are in-auto entertainment coordinated with infotainment parts.

The shorter advancement cycles, combined with the exponential ascent in the framework cost if there should be an occurrence of a product disappointment, request a change in testing forms. Quicker time to market of apps with no trade off on the quality is totally vital.

Probably the most squeezing challenges for software testing in automotive domain include:

  • Setting up the best possible software/hardware interface for testing is a trouble.
  • Reproduce continuous information according to the vehicle development.
  • Reproduce GPS and Navigation.


As the digital world consistently changing on opening up options crosswise over projects, Telematics is quick developing as a pioneer, with the “Pay As You Drive” innovation. Such a creative approach changes client involvement with the idea of auto insurance.

TestOrigen helps worldwide insurers in their advanced change by conveying enhanced competitive advantage and client experience. We ensure your applications/frameworks run consistently by guaranteeing productive back-office operations. We offer best automotive software testing tools in testing for Life Insurance, Property and Casualty and auto insurance softwares.

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Can Testers test without Specifications?

Can Testers test without Specifications. software test specificationSoftware test specification or basically spec is a record that portrays and determines the project objectives, system functionality, needs for software, UI and improvement strategy, acknowledgment criteria, promoting plan, particularities of framework support, spending plan and timetable.

It is the premise of each product advancement method, and as per the particular, QA tester team executes the software product quality appraisal.

However, only one out of every odd project has the documentation accessible. Why? As a result of various reasons such as small project size, constrained budget, dynamic needs, close due dates and so on.

Thus the question is Can Testers test without Specifications? Yes, QA tester can test every product’s quality after generation. Testing without software test specification is conceivable. Let’s see how it can be possible to test the software product without test specification.


Difficulties without a software testing specifications:

There are few difficulties, confronted by a tester, if there is no formal test case specification in software engineering.

  1. To design test cases or compose test case scenarios plainly troublesome, since testers don’t have any test case specification for reference.
  2. When we have the software testing strategies and requirements, we know how a framework would look after completion yet here; we can just put Unit Level Approach.
  3. Additionally, specifications can be effortlessly Misunderstood or Changed Frequently which can make framework unstable and hard to test.


To deal with such tasks, one must have great understanding, compelling oral and composed communication and appropriate arranging. There are couples of imperative things to know before beginning the software testing process without software test specification.

Steps to follow for executing automated software testing without specifications:

In any case the software test specification isn’t accessible; the test can take after these means:

  1. Read the doc. appropriately, which are given by developers, to test a software product and share test cases with them. In such a way, the tester will know how developers are building up the software product and can plan the test cases relying on it. Moreover, sharing the test cases with them guarantees that the tester has understood the functionality and will test it correctly.
  2. If there should be an occurrence of any doubt, make things to clear as quickly as time permits. Include whole team i.e. developers, testers, customers and business analysts. Ensure that after the meeting, whole teams are on a similar understanding level and afterward, you can continue with the procedure.
  3. Create proper documentation of the workflow. This will help in better understanding of the software testing methodologies. Utilize flowcharts and outlines which are simple.
  4. Set up a rundown of In-Scope and Out-of-Scope things and share with all colleagues and get approval from the project manager. Tester can refresh the rundown, whenever later, after the conversation with colleagues.
  5. If conceivable, make test cases out of the client stories. Once in a while, the end-client is there to test the software product at beginning times, as well. If the tester has few client stories then he can, simply, make few test cases out of them to know the customer’s desires and value of the product.
  6. Execute more exploratory testing, since tester doesn’t have any formal necessities recorded. Do random testing, regularly, and whatever he/she feels isn’t right, can be talked about with the customers and adjusted before sending it to developer’s group.
  7. Think from the clients’ point of view which can help you to make the software product more valuable. Give recommendations and arrangements. There are different clients who will utilize the product in various ways. In a case the tester can think from their point of view then the software product turns out to be more good and flexible.
  8. Separate the entire software testing fundamentals of system into little modules and see each one in detail. Testers will perform deep testing of software product’s every part for making test coverage maximum. It is less challenging to test a little module than to test the entire framework without a moment’s delay. Begin software testing methods early for better understanding.
  9. Automate the test cases, which are currently settled to save time and attempts. In the start of the task, when software test specification continues changing, this progression may look unnecessary. However, before long, when some of requirements or functionalities are settled, tester can automate some test cases.


When we have get a task without software testing basics and specifications, Appropriate arranging ahead of time can lead us to progress. There will be challenges which we quite recently examined yet there are software testing concepts to deal with them as well. Discuss well with customer or developers and realize what their desires are and take their feedback regularly. When you understand what to test and how to test, you can make your own particular documents expressing the necessities and can share/edit the same all through the procedure.

So the absence of software test specification in project isn’t a decision and a QA team can guarantee a compelling quality assessment because of consistent and settled communication.

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