In software development procedure, the bug has a lifecycle. The bug should experience the life cycle to be closed. A particular bug life cycle in software testing guarantees that the procedure is standardized. The bug accomplishes distinctive states in the software testing bug life cycle. It begins when the defect is found and ends when a defect is closed, after guaranteeing it’s not reproduced.
Before we actually go into the details of bug life cycle in software testing lets first attempt to understand what is a defect and when is the defect presented in software.
A bug in software testing is a flaw in any software product system that can make the product neglect to perform what it’s really expected to perform. A defect gets presented in software work product because of the error made by the individual making that work product.
A bug in testing can be presented in any period of SLDC, so it is imperative that test team is included from the earliest starting point of SDLC for finding and removing of defects. The earliest the defect is identified and redressed, the negligible cost of value will cause.
Beneath locate the different states that a bug experiences throughout its life cycle of a bug in software testing. The number of states that a bug experience changes from project to project. Beneath bug lifecycle covers every conceivable state.
The bug life cycle in testing incorporates the following status or steps:
New: When a defect is logged and posted out for the first time. Its state is given as new.
Assigned: After the tester has posted the bug, the lead of the tester supports that the bug is real and he assigns the bug to the comparing engineer and the developer team. It is state given as assigned.
Open: At this, the developer has begun analyzing and working on the defect fix.
Fixed: When an engineer makes important code improvements and confirms the progressions then he/she can make bug status as ‘fixed’ and the bug is passed to the testing team.
Pending retest: After fixing the bug the engineer has given that specific code for retesting to the tester. Here the testing is pending on the testers end. Thus its status is pending retest.
Retest: At this stage, the tester does the retesting of the changed code which engineer has given to him to check whether the bug got fixed or not.
Confirmed: The tester tests the bug again after it got fixed by the engineer. In the case that the bug is absent in the product, he affirms that the bug is fixed and changes the status to “confirmed”.
Reopen: If the bug still exists even after the bug is settled by the developer, the tester changes the status to “reopen”. The bug experiences the bug cycle in software testing once again.
Closed: Once the bug is fixed, it is tested by the tester. In that case, the tester feels that the bug never again exists in the product; he changes the status of the bug to “closed”. This state implies that the bug is settled, tested and affirmed.
Copy: If the bug is repeated twice or the two bugs specify a similar idea of the bug, at that point one bug status is changed to “copy”.
Rejected: If the engineer feels that the bug isn’t authentic, he rejects the bug. At that point, the condition of the bug is changed to “rejected”.
Deferred: The bug, changed to deferred state implies the bug is required to be fixed in next releases. The purposes of changing the bug to this state have numerous elements. Some of them are a need of the bug might be low; the absence of time for the release or the bug might not have the significant impact on the product.
Not a bug: The state given as “Not a bug” if there is no change in the functionality of the application. For a case: If the client requests some change in the look and field of the application like a change of color of some content then it isn’t a bug yet simply some adjustment in the looks of the application.
The key to remember is that the bug life cycle in software testing helps everybody organizes their opportunity towards settling the most squeezing bugs right then and there in time, to move your project along. Outline a procedure that works for your circumstance, group, project, strategy, innovation, association. Customize where important yet at that point, don’t go over the edge. The bug life cycle in manual testing exists to advance your collaboration’s – not add to it unnecessarily. Lean and mean is the approach!
We, at TestOrigen, perform testing as per above-mentioned bug lifecycle and it can be modified according to project or organizations, you can trust us with your software product bug software testing procedures.