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Virtual Machines, a Friend or Foe in software Testing world

Virtual Machines, a Friend or Foe in software Testing world. virtual machines for testingUtilizing virtual machines for testing is welcomed as a QA testing practice. This Automated Testing in Virtual Machines permits to save cash by running various virtual machines on less PC and furthermore enables testers to test distinctive application assembled on an everlasting system configuration.

Testing a virtual machine requires a touch of a bit of up-front effort, however the result is well justified, despite all the trouble.

The use of VM is somewhat financially savvy. It empowers the masters to perform distinctive sorts of testing, e.g., performance testing on virtual machines and cross browser testing virtual machines, utilizing a single PC. Application is released under different VM and in various programs.

Additionally, virtual machines for testing seek after a few objectives such as the execution of functional testing and regression testing of client-server applications. What’s more, in addition, all these checking procedures can be automated too.

Moreover, a virtual machine test environment gives you a chance to test OSes and applications before formation.

What is Virtual Machine?

Virtual Machine is a totally isolate individual OS establishment on your standard operating system. It is actualized by hardware virtualization and software emulation.

Virtual machine is a product usage of a physical machine – PC – that works and executes analogically to it. Virtual machines for testing are partitioned in two classifications in view of their utilization and correspondence to genuine machine: framework virtual machines and process virtual machines. Initially classification gives an entire framework stage that executes finish working framework; second one will run a solitary program. Moreover there is also free internet explorer testing virtual machines from Microsoft available to automate your testing efforts as fast as it can do.

Virtual Machine Tools and Applications:

What is VMware Tools?

The Open Virtual Machine Tools are the open source execution of VMware Tools. They are an arrangement of visitor OS virtualization parts that improve execution and client experience of virtual machines.

As virtualization innovation quickly progresses toward becoming standard, every virtualization arrangement supplier actualizes their own particular arrangement of virtual machine testing tools and utilities to supplement the visitor virtual machine. Although, the greater part of the usage are restrictive and are fixing to a particular virtualization stage.

Let’s take a look on some of them:


AnyDesk was planned starting from the earliest stage to be notable. At its center is DeskRT, another video codec that is particularly intended for graphical UIs. That is the cause AnyDesk is one jump forward.

AnyDesk is the speediest remote desktop software available. It takes into account new use applications and situations that have not been conceivable with current remote desktop software.


Kernel-Based Virtual Machine is the second best decision. KVM is a full virtualization solution for Linux and is discovered lately on most Linux Distros. It’s really favored by more Linux masters than VMware or XenServer, and it fits splendidly into OpenStack.

There are FREE or completely upheld forms from RedHat and it does all the cool stuff as well. However, as Hyper-V with Linux, KVM has limits with virtualizing Windows.

VirtualBox-Windows/Mac/Linux, Free

VirtualBox has an unwavering tracking due to a mixture of a free-as-in-lager price tag, cross-platform support, and an enormous number of highlights that make running and keeping up virtual machines a breeze.

Virtual machine test environment and parameters are put away totally in plain-content XML documents for simple flexibility and simple envelope sharing. Its “Visitor Additions” highlight, handy for Linux, Solaris, and Windows virtual machines, makes VirtualBox easy to understand, enabling you to introduce software on the VM that stipends additional benefits to the host machine for tasks such as sharing records, sharing drives and peripherals etc.


With regards to conveying the Windows experience to Mac clients, Parallels Desktop 11 is, very much, unparalleled. The most recent incarnation of the product is good with OS X El Capitan, enabling you to copy Windows XP, 7, 8, and 10 as a visitor working framework.

It enables you to helpfully run Mac and Windows applications next to each other without rebooting, while also giving devices to rapidly moving records between working frameworks, propelling projects specifically from your Mac dock, and getting to distributed storage.

The virtualization in software testing brings the accompanying points of benefits using virtual machines for testing:

  • The team verifies the software product under boundless number of user configurations. VM identifies the projects that are possibly incompatible.
  • Virtual machines are extremely helpful – a serious defect on VM won’t influence the physical PC.
  • It is very simple to emulate the backup procedure on virtual machines. Tester just copies the required envelope or makes a snapshot.
  • Testers can clone diverse virtual machines with their present states saved. This can be connected cloning or an entire one.

Yet, in spite of all the previously mentioned benefits of VM, they also have a few cons:

  • At the point when different virtual machines are at the same time running on a host PC, each virtual machine may present an unsteady execution, which relies upon the workload on the framework by other running virtual machines;
  • Virtual machine isn’t that effective as a genuine one while getting into the hardware.

Therefore Virtual machines for testing can be your friend if it is used in a right way and also at good virtual test environment setup. However, if you need to arrange a virtual test environment for a few machines, at that point you require a physical host otherwise it can be your foe as well.

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Key Options for the Estimation of Software Quality

Key Options for the Estimation of Software Quality. estimation techniques in software testingA software quality estimation model is regularly manufactured utilizing known software quality metrics and estimation techniques in software testing acquired from program modules of already created discharges or comparative tasks.

Such regulated learning ways to deal with estimation of software quality accept that software testing estimation techniques ppt is accessible for all the previously created modules.

Considering the different manual issues in software project advancement, Software Test Estimation Techniques may not be accessible for all the product modules in the preparation information.

Generally, the accessible labeled preparing information is such that a managed learning methodology may not yield great software quality expectation. Interestingly, a managed order scheme helped by unlabeled information, i.e., semi-regulated learning, may yield better outcomes.

What is Software Test Estimation?

Test Estimation is an administration action which approximates to what extent a Task would take to finish. Assessing effort for the test is one of the major and vital assignments in Test Management.

Test estimation techniques in software testing are an activity of assessing the push to finish the testing. In test estimation of software quality, we think of the qualities and calculating the length that required testing in matrix base or quantitative base. Test estimation techniques in software development are critical to plan the task and distribute assets.

Various test estimation techniques in software testing:

Work break down structure:

To start with recognize all points of testing work from the earliest starting point to end. At that point discover the tasks in every class of software testing all through the project and break it into little assignments. Break it further if require. The smaller task is less demanding to estimate. Distribute every undertaking among testers and begin compute the estimation to finish each assignment. To assess work separate structure, should know testing assignment in detail. Step by how we will do each testing assignments. When we separate in to task and gauge we won’t miss any testing and cover fully. Work separate structure is useful to do the planning effectively and also can include the milestone and task duration effectively.

Function Point Estimation:

Recognize the functions in the software product. Split software’s functions to be tested among the assets accessible. Figure to what extent it needs to test every function. Steps to test every function. How often a function will be tested?

We can appoint weightage and measure the estimation for whole functions. It’s only an approach to estimate. We can evaluate without the weightage too. Moreover, there are a few approaches to allocate weightage to each function.

3-point software testing estimation technique:

Three point estimation is another strategy to assess the task. Each task will be separate to minor sub assignment and evaluated. This is effort estimation techniques in software testing by 3 purposes of you and measure the last effort at the end.  Effort is assessed in three ways. Whoever is assessing should think of the effort for best case, in all probability and most pessimistic scenario.

Best case estimation: Best case situation is assessing the effort expecting everything is going accurately and nothing turns out badly. Software Estimation Techniques considered every one of the situations goes positive. This additionally alludes as hopeful estimation.

In all likelihood estimation: Most likely situation is evaluating the effort accepting the majority of the things are goes great however, perhaps there are a few issues can be happened.  Estimating considered the greater part of the situations goes positive and a few situations go negative.

Most pessimistic scenario estimation: Worst case situation is evaluating the efforts accepting everything turns out badly. Test estimation tools considered every one of the situations goes negative. This likewise alludes as negative estimation

A software quality metrics in software testing is a quantitative measure to clarify at what degree a property of testing or product quality or process has performed. It utilizes more than one measure to give a quantifiable data.

10 Steps for a Successful software quality metrics:

  1. Distinguish clear and quantifiable objectives
  2. Characterize the granularity of estimations and drill down the key factors.
  3. Make inquiries and select measurements.
  4. Choose periodicity of measurements.
  5. Build up an estimation technique.
  6. Characterize the detailing systems.
  7. Produce hypotheses around key factors/factors.
  8. Gather both quantitative and subjective information.
  9. Break down measurements and make move things.
  10. Track activity things and guarantee the change relying on the measurements result.


We, at TestOrigen use estimation techniques in software testing for the measurement time, resources or human skills and providing best software testing services at an affordable cost.

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Is there any Assertion Testing exist?

Is there any Assertion Testing exist. assertion testing in software testingThe assertion testing in software testing executed to confirm the states of the test and determine whether test has passed or failed. An assertion testing is viewed as successful ONLY if it is finished without tossing any deviation.

The term ‘assertion’ implies a Boolean expression that worries a characterized thing of the software program that will be valid until the point that the framework issue happens. Test assertions are the announcement that depicts logic of any framework under test.

What is assertion in selenium?

The Assertion testing in software testing outcomes depend on the correlation of Actual and Expected Results. A test is considered passed just when the Assertions demonstrate no Exceptions. In this way, the utilization of Assertions assumes a fundamental part in recognizing the defects in the application being tested. There are two sorts of assertions in Selenium that we can put in our test scripts utilizing TestNG:

  • Soft Assertions
  • Hard Assertions

Soft Assertions: If you have to execute the rest of the test case even after an assertion fails, and you as well need to report assertion and test case disappointment in TestNG report, TestNG gives soft assertions to this as compare to hard assertions, they don’t convey the whole program to an end, i.e. a test script does not quit running regardless of the possibility that an assertion fails, but rather the test itself is neglected to demonstrate the correct outcome.

This technique collects all of the failures and chooses whether to finish the test case or not toward the end. TestNG library itself offers the office to perform Soft Assertion TestStep in your test without composing any custom rationale.

Hard Assertions: As the name recommends, these assertions in test automation put a strict limitation on the test script in which it is set. When utilizing hard assertions in the test scripts, your test script will quit executing when the assertion falls flat, and the test will be bombed in TestNG report.

About Assertion TestStep:

The Assertion TestStep grows the possibility of assertion taking care and administration. It gives the adaptability of making easy and complex  assertions that can attest any property from the project level to singular TestStep in a test case, and in addition  reaction, request, JMS, JDBC or Security-related actions. You can as well aggregate assertions to utilize the Boolean rationale.

Different types of assertions:

Assertions in selenium can be utilized as parts of 3 modes which are clarified beneath:

Assert: If you utilize assert in your tests then the test will be prematurely ended if the assert falls flat. Next test case will begin performing in case you are running a test suite.

Verify: If verify is utilized then the test case won’t prematurely end regardless of the possibility that the verify fails. It will keep performing and log the defects for the failed conditions.

WaitFor: WaitFor order sits waits for the condition to end up plainly true. In a case the condition is genuine already the test case proceeds else it waits for the conditions to wind up noticeably genuine. In a case the condition doesn’t turns out to be valid inside indicated time-out period test will fail and stop.

Pros and Cons of Assertion Testing in Software Testing:

Pros of Assertions:

The fundamental benefit of having assertions is to distinguish defects in a program. The value of statements includes:

  • It is utilized to recognize subtle issues which may go unnoticed.
  • It is utilized to distinguish defects sooner after they happen.
  • Create an impression about the impacts of the code that is ensured to be valid.

Cons of Assertion

Like some other bit of code, assertions may themselves contain issues. It can prompt the accompanying issues:

  • Neglecting to report a bug that exists.
  • Announcing an issue when it doesn’t exist.
  • Can prompt opposite symptoms
  • Can take time to execute if it contains bugs and possesses memory also.


Although, sometimes the outcome of bugged assertions can be shocking. They can cause the hindrance that may stop the testing methodology too.


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Main Goals of Configuration Testing

Main Goals of Configuration Testing. configuration testing in software testingConfiguration testing in software testing includes approving an application’s performance in different situations. This kind of testing decides the prompt or long haul impacts of configuration changes on the system’s action and execution.

In any case, it’s conceivable that your software product could be installed on a wide range of configurations; at that point this sort of testing is completely important. Doing as such will approve perfect configurations and alert you to inconsistent ones.

Mostly, the quantity of conceivable configurations is too huge to test. This reality alone implies that it’s essential that the arranging phase of a configuration testing attempt distinguish just those configurations that will be supported. Needs should be built up relying on the supposed client base and dangers related with masked bugs in specific configurations.

What is configuration testing?

Configuration testing in software testing is the way toward the testing of system with every single one of the supported hardware/software configurations. The Execution phase supports configuration testing by permitting reuse of the produced tests.

Why configuration testing is necessary?

Without performing configuration management in software testing, it is hard to characterize and break down the ideal framework execution, and the software product can experience compatibility issues with the frameworks it is intended to keep running on.

Configuration testing is intended to:

  • Check whether the product fulfills configurability needs.
  • Decide ideal configuration settings.
  • Find bugs by changing some discretionary settings, e.g., Time Zone, Language, and so on.
  • Check whether identified bugs are reproducible on other configuration conditions.
  • Check framework execution by changing hardware configuration such as memory size.

Configuration testing with example:

How about we understand this with a case of a Desktop Application:

Mostly, Desktop applications will be of 2 level or 3 level, here we will consider a 3 level Desktop application which is created utilizing Asp.Net and comprises of Client, Business Logic Server and Database Server where every part supports underneath said stages.

  • Client Platform - Windows 8 OS, Window7 OS, Windows XP, and so on
  • Server Platform - Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012R2
  • Database – SQL Server 2012, SQL Server 2008R2, SQL Server 2008, and so on.

A tester needs to test the Combination of Client, Server and Database with mixes of the previously mentioned stages and database variants to guarantee that the application is working appropriately and does not fail.

Main Goals of Configuration Testing in software testing:

The targets of configuration Testing is to

  • Approving the application to decide whether it satisfies the configurability necessities.
  • Check of the framework in a geologically appropriated Environment to confirm how viably the framework performs.
  • Confirming how effortlessly the bugs are reproducible independent of the setup changes.
  • Guaranteeing how traceable the application things are by appropriately archiving and keeping up the renditions which are effectively identifiable.
  • Confirming how reasonable the application things are all through the product improvement life cycle.
  • Manually causing failures which help in distinguishing the bugs that are not productively found at the testing.
  • Decide an ideal configuration of the application under test.
  • Breaking down the framework execution by including or adjusting the hardware assets like Load Balancers, increment or decrement in memory size, associating different printer models, and so forth.
  • Examining framework Efficiency based on the prioritization, how effectively the tests were performed with the assets accessible to accomplish the ideal framework arrangement.

TestOrigen already has broad range of means required for configuration testing, so our clients don’t overpay for additional configuration testing tools. Furthermore, we generally base our services of configuration testing on the examination of market and target audible to eliminate the OS forms that are not utilized by end clients.

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Telematics Testing Solutions for Usage-based Insurance

Telematics Testing Solutions for Usage-based InsuranceUse based Insurance and Telematics Testing are important parts of future auto insurance market. The parameters on which estimations are recorded such as driver behavior, place, distance and time. Telematics insurance records these and other applicable parameters, through a small gadget fitted into automobiles.

Use based Insurance is a creative sort of vehicle insurance that figures insurance costs relied mainly on vehicle utilized. Use based Insurance enables insurance bearers to monitor their client driving behavior through a telematics device.

The data collected using telematics device can be followed utilizing odometer readings or in-vehicle media transmission gadgets that are typically either self-introduced into a unique vehicle port, or effectively coordinated in unique gear introduced via auto fabricates.

From the received data, insurance transporters dissect ongoing information, rather than depending exclusively on prescient hazard displaying. Prescient hazard demonstrating depends on various measurements, not which are all applicable. The ongoing information helps organizations in growing new products and in computing auto premium cost with higher exactness.

Customers who utilize Use based Insurance are given an assembled discount at every restoration, normally extending in the proximity of 5% and 25% off their premium. Drivers can frequently track their debate on the web or by means of the mobile application. Use based Insurance is quickly picking up footing, especially among youthful clients.

Telematics definition:

Telematics is a mixture of the words informatics and telecommunications. Telematics, in a wide sense, is any incorporated utilization of telecommunications with data and communications innovation. It is the innovation of sending, accepting and putting away data connected to wireless things – like vehicles – through media transmission gadgets.

Telematics testing solutions:

Auto Insurance organizations have depended on factors like credit-based protection scores and the age of the driver to choose premiums as the genuine driving habit was not noticeable. Changes in the driving examples took sufficiently long to reflect in the premiums forced. The landing of telematics software testing has changed this condition by letting insurance agencies get clearness and measure the driving habit and extend the valuing precision.

Telematics automotive software testing techniques has ensured that the automobiles are being viewed over by a spy and it is ideal! There has been alleviation for the trained drivers who used to pay for mistakes of other individuals, as auto insurance organizations have sent telematics to assess driver hazard profiles and in the end calculate premiums on the go. Telematics Testing is the innovation that aides in sending, accepting, and putting away data from street vehicles.

Telematics frameworks are little size frameworks, it is kept under the dashboard of the vehicles and is utilized by GPS innovation. They can screen and transmit data, for example, flow vehicle speed against the speed furthest reaches of the street, street conditions, the braking, cornering, and quickening behavior for the driver, and so forth. Insurance agencies approach each driver’s behavior out and about, by which they can settle insurance premiums and foresee expected cases. This innovation can enable insurers’ right inconsistencies in expanding evaluating exactness, to chance orders, enhance benefit, decrease guarantee costs, battle deceitful cases, make mark differentiators, and enable lower premiums.

For clients, UBI prompts bring down premiums, furnishing them with value-added administrations, for example, route and infotainment, youngster driver observing, crisis administrations, vehicle diagnostics, and stolen vehicle recovery. Other than this, drivers can utilize it to build up safe driving habits to insurance agencies following an accident and clients who drive at high speeds will be made a request to pay high premiums. But, before the broad selection happens, the automotive embedded software testing of telematics is necessary.

The Need and Challenges of Telematics Testing:

The interconnectivity of telematics makes it critical to guarantee that respectability and exactness are kept up in the information being transmitted starting with one gadget then onto the next. This calls for consistent incorporation and in-depth knowledge of how the gadgets work separately and in addition how they speak with each other.

Regularly, the frameworks under test are in-auto entertainment coordinated with infotainment parts.

The shorter advancement cycles, combined with the exponential ascent in the framework cost if there should be an occurrence of a product disappointment, request a change in testing forms. Quicker time to market of apps with no trade off on the quality is totally vital.

Probably the most squeezing challenges for software testing in automotive domain include:

  • Setting up the best possible software/hardware interface for testing is a trouble.
  • Reproduce continuous information according to the vehicle development.
  • Reproduce GPS and Navigation.


As the digital world consistently changing on opening up options crosswise over projects, Telematics is quick developing as a pioneer, with the “Pay As You Drive” innovation. Such a creative approach changes client involvement with the idea of auto insurance.

TestOrigen helps worldwide insurers in their advanced change by conveying enhanced competitive advantage and client experience. We ensure your applications/frameworks run consistently by guaranteeing productive back-office operations. We offer best automotive software testing tools in testing for Life Insurance, Property and Casualty and auto insurance softwares.

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Can Testers test without Specifications?

Can Testers test without Specifications. software test specificationSoftware test specification or basically spec is a record that portrays and determines the project objectives, system functionality, needs for software, UI and improvement strategy, acknowledgment criteria, promoting plan, particularities of framework support, spending plan and timetable.

It is the premise of each product advancement method, and as per the particular, QA tester team executes the software product quality appraisal.

However, only one out of every odd project has the documentation accessible. Why? As a result of various reasons such as small project size, constrained budget, dynamic needs, close due dates and so on.

Thus the question is Can Testers test without Specifications? Yes, QA tester can test every product’s quality after generation. Testing without software test specification is conceivable. Let’s see how it can be possible to test the software product without test specification.


Difficulties without a software testing specifications:

There are few difficulties, confronted by a tester, if there is no formal test case specification in software engineering.

  1. To design test cases or compose test case scenarios plainly troublesome, since testers don’t have any test case specification for reference.
  2. When we have the software testing strategies and requirements, we know how a framework would look after completion yet here; we can just put Unit Level Approach.
  3. Additionally, specifications can be effortlessly Misunderstood or Changed Frequently which can make framework unstable and hard to test.


To deal with such tasks, one must have great understanding, compelling oral and composed communication and appropriate arranging. There are couples of imperative things to know before beginning the software testing process without software test specification.

Steps to follow for executing automated software testing without specifications:

In any case the software test specification isn’t accessible; the test can take after these means:

  1. Read the doc. appropriately, which are given by developers, to test a software product and share test cases with them. In such a way, the tester will know how developers are building up the software product and can plan the test cases relying on it. Moreover, sharing the test cases with them guarantees that the tester has understood the functionality and will test it correctly.
  2. If there should be an occurrence of any doubt, make things to clear as quickly as time permits. Include whole team i.e. developers, testers, customers and business analysts. Ensure that after the meeting, whole teams are on a similar understanding level and afterward, you can continue with the procedure.
  3. Create proper documentation of the workflow. This will help in better understanding of the software testing methodologies. Utilize flowcharts and outlines which are simple.
  4. Set up a rundown of In-Scope and Out-of-Scope things and share with all colleagues and get approval from the project manager. Tester can refresh the rundown, whenever later, after the conversation with colleagues.
  5. If conceivable, make test cases out of the client stories. Once in a while, the end-client is there to test the software product at beginning times, as well. If the tester has few client stories then he can, simply, make few test cases out of them to know the customer’s desires and value of the product.
  6. Execute more exploratory testing, since tester doesn’t have any formal necessities recorded. Do random testing, regularly, and whatever he/she feels isn’t right, can be talked about with the customers and adjusted before sending it to developer’s group.
  7. Think from the clients’ point of view which can help you to make the software product more valuable. Give recommendations and arrangements. There are different clients who will utilize the product in various ways. In a case the tester can think from their point of view then the software product turns out to be more good and flexible.
  8. Separate the entire software testing fundamentals of system into little modules and see each one in detail. Testers will perform deep testing of software product’s every part for making test coverage maximum. It is less challenging to test a little module than to test the entire framework without a moment’s delay. Begin software testing methods early for better understanding.
  9. Automate the test cases, which are currently settled to save time and attempts. In the start of the task, when software test specification continues changing, this progression may look unnecessary. However, before long, when some of requirements or functionalities are settled, tester can automate some test cases.


When we have get a task without software testing basics and specifications, Appropriate arranging ahead of time can lead us to progress. There will be challenges which we quite recently examined yet there are software testing concepts to deal with them as well. Discuss well with customer or developers and realize what their desires are and take their feedback regularly. When you understand what to test and how to test, you can make your own particular documents expressing the necessities and can share/edit the same all through the procedure.

So the absence of software test specification in project isn’t a decision and a QA team can guarantee a compelling quality assessment because of consistent and settled communication.

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Misbelieves of Defect Management that must be known

Misbelieves of Defect Management that must be known. defect management in software testingMisbelieves and Myths judgments are the vital part of any subject – be it science, religion, or software testing! In defect management in software testing phase, the testers need to find however many defects and bugs as could be expected under the circumstances; previously the end client can find it. An imperfection or issue is said to be found and change to status accepted when it is recognized and acknowledged by the developers.

What is defect management in software testing ?

Defect management definition:

Defect management in testing is exceptionally vital part of the test administration process. Defect management tools in software testing utilized for overseeing defects are imperative for entire project conveyance group including test group, improvement group and different partners of the project.

Although with the finding of defect during defect management, there are so many misbelieves connected that are believed by testers and is must be known to them. So, they cannot get wrong ideas in the middle of software testing.

Misbelieve 1: Defects are awful at defect management process.

This current one’s a stunner. Particularly when mouthed by people and groups guaranteeing to be Agile or Scrum compliant.

“Defects are not awful – they are great; if you can get most as ahead as could be expected under the circumstances.”

There’s this disgrace related with defects being raised against your software product. Developers eagerly battle defects, Scrum Masters and Project Managers alike assume to think about defects reflects poorly on the team.

Indeed, Agile functions at the premise of recognizing defects prior – and Scrum underpins only that. Logging bugs early on in your Sprints will mean you can recognize and settle most real issues much before the product is put through any level of discharge preparation.

Defect management process in software testing like Test-Driven Development are totally subject to continually testing and fixing software as you code.

Misbelieve 2: Higher the defects in defect management system better the testing procedure.

Truly? A high number of bugs and defects do not mean anything with the exception of that your project needs to invest significantly more energy on fixing bugs.

On events, the number of defects cab as well is the aftereffect of poor unit testing.

In this way, if needed, fix the source of the imperfections –, for example, poor coding, and unit testing; and acclaim your defect management process flow testers for doing their activity persistently.

In any case you figure out how to wipe out the overabundance fat around bug finding, you will have the capacity to free up your professional testers all the more difficult bugs, exploratory tests and so on.

Now and again, the high number of imperfections could simply be the aftereffect of the scale and unpredictability of the task or program.

So defects check totally relies upon the circumstance, innovation, code quality and the defect management tools.

Misbelieve 3: 100% of all defects must be recognized – and settled.

Testing and expansion software defect management process is proposed to recognize whatever number bugs as could be expected under the circumstances, to enable the software/project meet prerequisites.

Recognizing and fixing 100% of all defects is well near unimaginable. And shouldn’t be sought after as an objective.

The Requirements Traceability Matrix assumes a focal part to representing and controlling the Testing group in its endeavors to reveal basic bugs that hamper client experience and utility of a product. Test groups should concentrate on testing to meet necessities – not testing to make the product 100% without bug.

Misbelieve 4: Testers are in charge of any bugs found in production.

Truth – to some degree. In any case the tester doesn’t guarantee testing covers every one of the necessities; if the tester doesn’t utilize Traceability networks to help coordinate their endeavors then the projection will be same as that a few bugs channel in production.

On the other hand, it’s the project team’s duty to guarantee everybody is pulling towards Requirements Traceability.

Did the Project Sponsor or the Product Owner acknowledge diluted Testing degree for conveyance by a specific date, or inside a specific cost?

Well, there you have it!

Such information driven choices to meet a due date is basic in projects with lack of common sense.

Product Quality is the entire group’s duty. Tolerating deficient testing or not fixing basic bugs before release is dependably an aggregate choice – and consequently an aggregate duty.

Misbelieve 5: Defects surfacing in production is terrible.

Following from the past point, if all imperfections were in reality gotten before discharge, Production Support wouldn’t exist as a surge of IT – okay? They’d be out of an occupation instant.

Production support teams are there so you don’t need to assemble the ideal software – not due to it isn’t conceivable but rather, well, since it does not worth pursuing.

“You can as much outline a good software product that conveys to an awful necessity.”

Ages spent cleaning up code and what will you do if the software product is obsolete when you discharge?

If you are given duty of doing defect management in software testing then it is critical for you to guarantee that the procedure is very much characterized and streams smooth from defect acknowledgment to the disposal. Moreover, you have to guarantee that all the pertinent data is caught in defect reports by test experts and specialized test examiners as this will be utilized for detailing defect status to project partners.

Defects enable you to convey a thought quicker to the market. They don’t really improve the thought. You can as much plan a decent software product using defect management in software testing that conveys to an awful needs – and it will fails – not on the grounds that you haven’t revealed enough defects or sufficiently composed lines of code, but since you didn’t have a smart thought or necessity in any case.

You can settle every one of the bugs related to a software product, discharge, venture, framework; yet it takes tireless coding practices and defect management tools in testing to construct software at a level of value standard for making defect management in software testing lean and helpful instead of costly and moderate.

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Explore Bug Tracker Tools and Frameworks

Explore Bug Tracker Tools and Frameworks.bug tracker tools and frameworks Software products are not created in one go; you discover various bugs, settle them, retest them, close them – before you would be able to handover the software product to the end users or clients. This procedure requires great bug tracker tools and frameworks to guarantee advancement of a bug free software product.

As a QA assistant or tester, you may run over a circumstance where you have to choose the issue tracker for your organization. You are searching for defect tracking tools which will enable you to kill all bugs in a simple and profitable way. There are assured highlights which must be considered before choosing the correct bug tracker tools and frameworks for your organization.

As a dependable individual, you would require defect management tools that can give an outline of bugs and the project advance which could empower you to settle on the correct choice and proper activity.

The famous line Time is Money make your mind think to choose a bug tracking system which has instinctive UI and gives a quicker technique for bug reporting. It might as well contain standard bug revealing highlights of taking depiction, including subtle elements, set priority level and assigning it to a developer.

The record of work log is additionally an essential determinant that you may need in a bug tracking software. You should have the capacity to produce helpful reports about the group execution utilizing the bug tracking tools.

The picked bug tracker tools and frameworks should be adaptable and sufficiently effective to coordinate with other well known issue tracking software and code storehouses, if necessary.

Thus below given top bug tracker tools and frameworks are selected as per above mention highlights and qualities that make software tester’s live easier.


A large number of software experts utilize bug tracking tools JIRA as a bug-tracker on account of its simple to utilize system. JIRA is a commercial licensed tool that catches and arranges the group issues as well organizing the issue and refreshing them with the projects. It is a tool that easily incorporates with the code improvement situations making it an ideal fit for engineers too. Because of its ability to track any sort of issues it isn’t recently limited to the product business. It supports agile software product advancement. It accompanies many additional products that make this tool more impressive than various tools.


Asana is a complete project management tool, however it likewise fills in as a profitable defect tracking tools in manual testing. Truly, it can be more valuable to see bugs with regards to whatever is left of your project for more streamlined work process administration. In addition, Asana has constructed a valuable time following integration with Hubstaff, so you can track bugs as well as the measure of time your group spends settling them.

Key Features:

  • Make project devoted to bug following
  • Allot a project proprietor and project individuals
  • Repeating projects and custom fields
  • Transform messages about bugs into undertakings
  • Make bug following undertaking formats
  • Store undertakings in numerous project
  • Assortment of integrations, adding Instabug, Usersnap and Zapier


Redmine is a free and open source, bug tracking and online project management tool. It gives integrated project management highlights, supports various tasks, issue following, support for numerous version control choices, adaptable part based access control, timetable and Gantt graphs to help visual portrayal of activities and their due dates, encourages and email notices, time following, project wiki, project gatherings and so on. Highlight rich product suggested where solidity isn’t a basic prerequisite.


Trello is a collaborative oriented stage for making card-style sheets and records for overseeing projects, or the general work process of your life. The circumstances in which Trello can be valuable are really boundless. Furthermore, bug following is absolutely something that Trello is awesome for. Groups can make custom loads up for a timetable of bug detailing and the way toward settling them while being able to welcome more individuals to take an interest, and archive all work that is being done on each issue/bug.

Key Features:

  • Wonderful visual condition for overseeing essentially anything.
  • Imaginative, yet easy to understand, categorizing and filters alternatives to make a more extensive blueprint of your projects.
  • Coordinates with your most loved applications that you are utilizing every day already.

Trello is a mobile-friendly stage so you can keep in contact with your group from wherever!

Mantis Bug Tracker

Mantis Bug Tracker is an open source issue tracker that has been around for a long while now. It is a simple to-utilize tool that comes as a web application yet additionally has a portable form. Executed in PHP, the installation procedure is exceptionally easy. To demo their software product, you can look at their own inner bug tracker.


It is a bug tracking framework, accessible for facilitated or on-premises software. It is a project management tool for Scrum groups. Developers and mangers can see each task, its necessity, imperfections and occurrences, in the framework, on individual recording cards, through the Scrum arranging board. With Axosoft, you can deal with your client stories, absconds, support tickets and an ongoing snapshot of your progress.

Key Features:

  • SCM integration
  • Detailing
  • Help work area or incident tracking
  • Bug following
  • Scrum arranging board
  • Scrum burn down diagrams
  • Necessity Management
  • Team wiki
  • Information representation


Assembla is an arrangement of services and tools created to accelerate software advancement and offer help for distributed agile teams. There are 2 stages offered by Assembla to guarantee that teams have the tools and the abilities to oversee, convey, and keep up not simply applications and Agile tasks, but rather webistes as well.

There are two Assembla products are Assembla Workplaces and Assembla Portfolios. Assembla Workplaces joins different tools and construct them around a group rundown or social action stream. These incorporate code vaults, administration, ticketing and issue administration, or cooperation.

Assembla Portfolio gives clients add up to control over numerous activities and Team Workspaces. The product accompanies a concentrated user management highlight and detailing in addition to a branded portal.

Today, Assembla is utilized by around a million clients in approx. 134 nations.


Basecamp unmistakably is a best decision with regards to online project management. What improves it even is the adaptable valuing plan, where no organization will be charged per client, and all customers will approach similar highlights, relying upon the reason for which they’re utilizing this framework. Enterprise-grade clients are urged to contact the organization and request an individual quote, and cover use every year as opposed to paying regularly scheduled payments.

Key Features:

  • Plan for the day
  • Make Teams/Groups
  • Archive Management
  • Discussions
  • Task Templates
  • Planning
  • Include Recurring Tasks
  • Informing or Instant Messaging
  • RSS Feed
  • Social Collaboration Platform
  • Issue History
  • Assets Allocation and Forecasting
  • Track Project Hours
  • Calendar
  • Intelligent Gantt Charts
  • Set Priorities
  • Project History


The above bug tracker tools and frameworks list are the most ordinarily utilized bug reporting tools. You may find that the fundamental target of all the bug trackers isn’t just bug tracking. This is due to bug tracking is impossible as a different action without taking alternate parts of the task into thought. In this manner bug tracking turns into a vital part of bug reporting tools with different activities. There are as well parts of other bug tracking tools accessible for bug following.

TestOrigen uses best Bug tracking tools and providing bug free software products to their clients around the world.


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Brief Description of Branch Testing

Brief Description of Branch Testing. branch testing in software testingAt the execution of branch testing in software testing, test cases are intended to practice control stream branches or choice focuses in a unit. This is generally gone for accomplishing an objective level of Decision Coverage. Branch Coverage, need to test both branches of IF and ELSE.

All branches and compound conditions such as taking care of loops and array inside the branch must be practiced at any rate once.

Branch testing goes under white box testing or black box testing?

Branch testing is done while doing white box testing, where concentrate is given on code. There are numerous other white box procedures. For Example: Loop testing.


What is branch coverage in software testing?

Branch coverage software testing is a testing strategy, which plans to guarantee that every single one of the conceivable branch from every choice point is executed at any rate once and along these lines guaranteeing that all reachable code is executed.

Branch coverage in software testing also known as decision coverage that is, each branch taken every way, genuine and false. It helps in approving all the branches in the code ensuring that no branch prompts abnormal behavior of the application.

How to calculate statement coverage and branch coverage in testing:

Coverage measure and Test Necessities

Branch coverage and statement coverage is best depicted as far as test necessities and coverage measure. The test necessities for branch coverage are the branches of the program. In simple words, the objective of this coverage is to execute the greater part of the branches in the program. On the other hand, coverage measure is characterized as per the quantity of branches executed by your test cases over the aggregate number of branches in the program. Branches are the active edges from a decision point. Therefore, a switch statement or if statement is used.

But, 100% coverage does not give any certification of finding the issues in the code.

The Truth is that by using decision coverage testing formula completely, we have more chances of discovering an issue in the code. However, it doesn’t make a difference which sort of coverage we use and how much coverage we accomplish. There’s dependably a chance that we may miss something.

Pros and Cons of branch testing in software testing

Pros of branch coverage testing:

  • To approve that all the branches in the code are reached.
  • To guarantee that no branches prompt any irregularity of the program’s operation
  • It kills issues that happen with statement coverage testing

Cons of branch coverage testing:

  • These metric disregards branches inside Boolean expressions which happen because of short-circuit administrators.


However, it’s more costly to accomplish branch testing in software testing than to accomplish statement coverage, since accomplishing branch scope requires the generation of a bigger number of test cases.

So what this connection implies is that branch coverage is more grounded than statement coverage, yet in addition more costly.

We, at TestOrigen provide all types of software testing at an affordable price with 100% high quality of your software product.

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Let’s get familiar with Domain Testing

Lets get familiar with Domain Testing. domain testing in software testingDomain testing in software testing can be utilized to perform structural testing as well as functional testing. Whole domain testing attempt concentrates on recognizing an arrangement of areas in a program and proper arrangement of input values relating to every domain that can be distinguished. Following this, input values will be provided and the behavior of the program is verified whether is functioning as per expectation.

It is vital to pay attention toward domain testing that it will be viable just with nice domains which are consistently closed, systematic, orthogonal, linear, connected, convex and complete.

Domain based testing will be ineffectual with ugly domains that have poorly characterized boundaries are non-linear, display ambiguities and inconsistencies, and have issues identified with boundary conclusion.

Without improvement and redressing issues identified with boundary conclusion, testing domain on ugly domains would bring about unachievable ways as it isn’t conceivable to pick proper input values.

By utilizing every one of these ideas, procedures, for example, Equivalent Partitions and Boundary Value Analysis are conceived which would permit to outline less test cases to do successful testing.Also there is a need to perform linearizing changes and coordinate changes with a specific end goal to ensure testability utilizing appropriate input domains.

What is domain testing in software testing?

Domain testing definition: Domain testing is a software testing strategy that is performed by choosing few test cases from an about infinite group of test cases. For testing couple of apps, domain knowledge in software testing plays an exceptionally vital part.

The different kinds of domain-based testing techniques are functional testing and test the application by sustaining fascinating inputs and assessing its outputs.

Is testing domain knowledge required for domain testing in software testing?


Some may state this isn’t important. However, it is very troublesome for anybody to perform adequately or effectively in a territory he/she isn’t familiar with. If one is to do well, in this way, as a domain tester, there is the need fundamental software testing domain knowledge. Presently, how about we take a look at a couple of reasons why this is vital.

Retail domain testing: Examples of retail domain are Enterprise administration, In-store arrangements, and Warehouse administration. Keeping in mind the end goal to effectively run a retail domain testing, the tester needs to have an understanding of how things stream at each level. For example, you have to know a few things with respect to a POS previously you can effectively run a test on it.

Banking domain project for testing: Some of the essential things that a tester needs to test the extent that web based baking is concerned are login, bill installment, exchanges, and lot more. A software tester may require basic testing knowledge to login. But, doing bill installments and exchanges require that the tester must be a specialist in the topic. He must be familiar with the business rationale on money flow.

Software testing jobs in healthcare domain: how might somebody who has no information of the framework handle it? He will absolutely be a major hazard to somebody’s life.

Where is domain knowledge in testing required?

Domain knowledge is more vital for performing effective software testing in the accompanying testing domain keys zone:

  • Protocol testing
  • System testing
  • VoIP applications
  • Software testing in insurance domain
  • Testing telecom domain
  • Storage domain testing
  • Payment domain testing
  • E learning domain testing
  • Automotive domain testing
  • Airline domain testing
  • Wireless application testing
  • Banking applications
  • Mobile application testing

Software testing domain structure:

For the most part, testers take after the underneath steps for performing domain testing in software testing methodologies. These might be redone/skipped by our testing needs.

  • Distinguish the possibly intriguing factors.
  • Distinguish the variable you can break down now and request them.
  • Make and recognize equivalence class values and comparability boundary values.
  • Distinguish auxiliary measurements and break down each traditionally.
  • Distinguish and test factors that hold outcomes.
  • Assess how the program utilizes the estimation of this variable.
  • Recognize extra conceivably related factors for combination testing.
  • Envision hazards that don’t really guide to a conspicuous measurement.
  • Distinguish and rundown unanalyzed factors. Accumulate data for later examination.
  • Summarize your examination with a risk/equivalence table.

Thus, Domain in software testing requires that testers must have fundamental domain driven testing information in the area they are to test with a specific end goal to have the capacity to perform adequately.

TestOrigen has best software tester’s team who are proficient in domain analysis testing and has good knowledge of all the domains as well as domain testing tools.

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