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Boundary value analysis testing: The QA mentor

Boundary value analysis testing- The QA mentorThe boundary value analysis testing regarding software testing is also black box test plan strategy relying on test cases. This method is connected to check whether there are any bugs at the boundary of the input area. Hence, with this technique, there is no need of searching for these issues at the focal point of this input.

Moreover, boundary value testing assists in checking the value of boundary among both invalid and valid boundary partitions. In this boundary value analysis black box testing, the boundary values verified by the production of test cases for a specific input domain.

What is boundary value analysis in software testing?

Issues are seen in the farthest point of the input values, so these distant values such as begin/end or lower/upper costs are called Boundary values and analysis of these Boundary values is called “Boundary value analysis testing”. It is as well at times known as ‘range checking’.

This below mentioned boundary value analysis in software testing with example clear you in-brief and in easy ways:

Boundary value analysis testing example:

Assume you have an essential tool at the office, acknowledges valid Password and username field to work on that tool, and admits least eight characters and most extreme 12 characters. Valid range 8-12, Invalid ranges 7 or under 7 and Invalid range at least 13 than 13.

Compose Test Cases for Valid segment value, Invalid segment value and correct boundary value

  • Test cases 1: Consider password length under 8.
  • Test cases 2: Consider password of length precisely 8.
  • Test cases 3: Consider password of length in the vicinity of 9 and 11.
  • Test cases 4: Consider password of length precisely 12.
  • Test cases 5: Consider password of length more than 12.

Robustness Testing is another form of boundary value testing in software testing:

In BVA, we stay inside the valid boundary of our range, i.e. for testing, we consider values such as nom, max-, min, min+, max. Although in Robustness testing, we attempt to cross these valid boundaries too.

Therefore to test here we consider the qualities such as min-, min, min+, nom, max-, max, max+.

Furthermore, with robustness testing, we can concentrate on exception handling. With specifically typed languages, power testing might be extremely cumbersome.

This kind of testing is very normal in electric and electronic circuits. Moreover, this sort of testing also functions at ‘single fault supposition hypothesis’.

Pros and Cons of boundary value analysis testing:


  • BVA is the best approach in situations where the functionality of a product depends on various factors speaking to substantial
  • The method is best at uncovering any potential UI or client input inconveniences in the software product.
  • The boundary value analysis in black box testing is very simple to utilize and recall due to the consistency of recognized tests and the automated nature of this procedure.
  • The test cases produced through BVA are small.
  • One can simply control the costs made on the testing by controlling some recognized test cases. This should be possible as the request for the product that should test.
  • The technique and rules are apparent and simple with regards to deciding the test cases through BVA.


  • This system once in a while neglects to test all the potential input values. Thus the outcomes are uncertain.
  • This procedure doesn’t fit well with regards to Boolean Variables.
  • It just functions admirably with independent factors that portray amount.
  • The conditions with BVA not tested between two sources of inputs.


In BVA, the software testers have discovered a genuinely precise and easy testing technique. This procedure can be a standout amongst the most important testing systems if utilized with care and rightness.

And, now you all understand that boundary value analysis belongs to which testing method, yes the black box testing practices. But, the strategy is a touch of constraining when there are a few issues with variable reliance or when planning required for the functionality of a framework.

With its reasonable operations and more well-suited methods for utilizing it, the BVA can wind up noticeably a standout amongst the most utilized testing strategies in the times to come

However, even today, a large number of the organizations and specialists conveying the software product testing services have appointed the boundary value analysis testing techniques for monitoring and checking the software products.

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Screen Recording Tools: The Essential Elements for Software Testers

Screen Recording Tools- The Essential Elements for Software TestersThere are a lot of business screen recording tool available today. Other than video catching, they offer bunches of different features, including yet not constrained to simultaneous webcam recording, video and sound-altering, and including video impacts.

Fortunately, there is some best free screen recorder for MAC and Windows that join the vast majority of these functions.  Besides, not every one of them has a paid rendition, which implies you will be free of steady suggestions to redesign for a little expense, which is unquestionably a benefit.

Thus, if you invest lots of energy in directing software testing videos, it can get somewhat depressing when you experience issues in expressing what is on your mind to your clients. After all, certain things can’t clarify through pictures and content. Some of the time, what you require is to record the succession of activities in a video, with the goal that your client can both see and listen to the steps used in your testing to better understand the procedure.

Although, finding the best screen recorder for Windows and Mac isn’t tough, however discovering excellent free ones is more critical. Why pay for one when we have a best free video capture software rundown, and they are also in all probability suited for whatever your needs might be?

Moreover, you can also take screenshots specifically in Windows or Mac and -paste them onto Microsoft Paint, having said that, in a case, you are searching for something full of features, you will require an outsider device. So, why pay for a product when there are a lot of open sources and freeware accessible?

Therefore, after experiencing various screen recording tool, we’ve shortlisted some of the best free screen recorders for windows and Mac for your daily profitability.

Recordit: Instant Screencasts

Recordit, the Screencasts, is the best screen recorder for MAC enables you to make a fast video of yourself accomplishing something interesting. You can undoubtedly transform the recorded video on MAC into a GIF and offer them in a split second with no inconvenience experienced. From this easy video recorder for MAC, you can record the screen for 5 minutes and make a GIF from the video recorded. Also this free screen video recorder, a screencast is transferred to the product’s servers from where it can share different stages.

Loom: Google Extension

Loom is a Google Chrome extension that makes a shareable video when you complete the process of recording. Loom, the windows screen recording tool lets you rapidly catch and describe recordings for prospects. It takes a single tick to record and a single tap to wrap up; the procedure is almost easy. Also, your video is available by an open URL. Essentially reorder that URL into an email, and your recipient can watch the clip whenever he/she want.


Jing is a fascinating free screen recorder with audio for windows from TechSmith, not the same as all other free screen recording software. The captured video can be stored in the screencast and also saved in SWF format. This windows video recorder is accompanying a five-minute video recording with the alternative of utilizing the mic while recording; it is a decent choice for portraying the steps used to take care of an issue.

Movavi Screen Capture

Movavi Screen Capture Studio is a helpful screen recording tool for MAC that gives you a chance to capture streaming video mac from the screen of your Apple PC: video guides, Skype calls, gameplay, and much more. This built-in mac screen recorder with audio causes you transform the raw film into sharp video cuts. Cut undesirable pieces, upgrade the video, include music and titles, associate clips with dynamic changes, and that’s just the beginning

Freeseer: Windows, Mac and Linux

Here is an open source, free, cross stage sort application for amateurs and also experts that can catch all desktop streams so effortlessly. This best video capture software normally utilized for recording desktop introductions during meetings, lectures and training sessions.

Key Features:

Clients incline toward this product because of its gainfulness and also effortlessness.

Is outstanding amongst another free video recorder for Windows, Mac and Linux for important documentations all through the world.


LightShot is a lightweight screenshot tool accessible for Windows or as an extra for Firefox, Chrome, and IE. LightShot is an open tool and requires no enrollment. You can catch screenshots in an assortment of ways including transferring them to the web using dumping the screenshot to your clipboard, ImageShack, opening the screenshot for altering in Pixlr or essentially saving them to your PC as a BMP, JPG, and PNG. LightShot as well supports hotkeys for each real capacity—CTRL+E, for instance, dispatch the online supervisor for your pictures while CTRL+D transfer it to ImageShack.

With these best pick screen recorder windows and Mac, you can without much of a stretch make screencast recordings, make Bug log more explanative and clear. You can pick the good screen recorder for mac as well as windows from the free ones or paid too to have the features and also qualities expected to make an incredible tutorials video.

Although every one of the projects has their favourable circumstances, none can completely substitute a business arrangement. However, if you keep your screen recording needs straightforward, you are certain to be happy with something from the rundown. Simply pick as indicated by your needs for screen recording tool.




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Function Testing and Non Functional Testing: Least known Difference

Function Testing and Non Functional Testing- The least concerned DifferenceWe have regularly read about functional testing and non functional testing as individual testing, however, the difference between functional testing and non functional testing needs is again clear when we get to the testing stage.

Consequently, when so many people consider software testing they mostly envision functional testing. Automated functional testing is worried about how well a framework executes towards its planned functions. These functions may incorporate business processes, data manipulation, integrations or searches and also the execution of orders. While non functional testing is more focused on how the product acts as opposed to what the product does.

These two sorts of functional testing and non functional testing are an important part of a whole testing protocol. While it is a functional testing process that decides the viability of an application, it is non functional testing techniques that determine, generally, client encounter. These two sorts of functional testing vs non functional testing do overlap.

So, before going in-brief, let’s understand first what is functional testing and non functional testing exactly called for?

What is functional testing?

QA functional testing is the sort of testing done against the business need of an app. It is a black-box type of testing. The functional testing framework includes the entire integration system to assess the framework’s consistence with its predetermined necessities. In actual Functional requirements testing, testers need to check a particular activity or function of the code relying on functional specification.

The functional testing strategy either manual testing or automation tools can utilize. However, functional testing in software testing would be less demanding utilizing manual testing only. Proceeding to Non Functional testing the functional testing techniques would execute first.

What is Non functional testing?

Non functional testing methods are done relying on the requirements and test situations characterized by the customer. Additionally, it also is depicted as testing software features not identified with particular activities and client activities, for example, versatility, security, performance or application’s habit under specific limitations. It impacts client and client fulfilment with the software product.

This non functional requirements testing is worried about the non-functional necessities and is planned particularly to assess the preparation of a framework as per the different criteria which are not secured by unified functional testing. Basically Non functional testing in software testing gives us a chance to gauge and think about the consequences of testing the non-functional features of software frameworks.

Difference between functional and Non functional testing:

Functional Testing:

  • In functional testing methods, testing created application against business necessities.
  • It completed with the assistance of useful details given by the customers or with the assistance of utilizing the outline determinations like utilize cases gave by the planning group of the project.

Functional testing types cover following sub software testings:

  • Functional unit testing: It is a standout amongst the most helpful testing techniques that are valuable to distinguish and decide bugs and defects appropriate from the earliest starting point of the software product improvement lifecycle.
  • Usability Testing: It is only an assessment technique, which is utilized to make that the client is happy with the application created.
  • Sanity testing: It is an unscripted sort of test, which focuses on some functional ranges of an application.
  • Smoke Testing: It is only another sort of testing that is regularly known build verification testing, which includes an arrangement of non-thorough tests that ensure the most critical functional areas of the application works flawlessly.
  • Integration testing: It is a kind of test which tests the applications, in general, to distinguish if there is any bug introduces there in the communication between the coordinated units of the application.
  • Aside from this, it as well includes a couple of more sorts of testing strategies such as interface testing, functional system testing, regression testing and functional acceptance testing.
  • It is conceivable to utilize both manual functional testing tools and also automated functional testing tools for the execution. But, it relies on the tool utilized or the training actualized in manual testing.
  • Functional testing services include investigating client orders, information control, user screens integration of the systems and searches.

Non-Functional Testing:

  • It is completely different from the functional testing examples. Tests the application relying upon the customer and execution necessities.
  • Non-functional testing done with the assistance of the necessities and test situations characterized by the customer.

Given some of the non functional testing types:

  • Load Testing/Stress Testing: While building up an application, it is critical for a tester to check whether the application or site can withstand the heap and stress when many individuals are surveying it in the meantime or not.
  • Compatibility Testing: It encourages you to decide the compatibility of the apps with the registering condition.
  • Security Testing: When your application expects clients to give private data, it is imperative that you perform security testing as to ensure that the data gave by the client transmitted safely.
  • Recovery Testing: It is critical for the tester to check for the ability of an application to recover once confronted hardware disappointment issues.
  • Volume Testing: It tests the application’s execution with a particular arrangement of information.
  • Aside from these testing techniques, it uses a cluster of other testing approaches including accessibility testing, standard testing, compliance testing and much more.
  • To make the non functional testing successful, it is essential to utilize non functional testing tools instead of testing it physically.
  • Non functional testing examples include compatibility, transportability, interoperability, installability and setup.


Functional testing and non functional testing are two sides of a similar coin, and subsequently, groups can’t bear to utilize one without the other. But, the measure of centre and techniques used to complete each will differ from project to project. It will be vital for QA experts to understand the key contrasts of functional vs non functional testing and how they depend on each other to make an ideal software product with an agile test plan.

With this information, TestOrigen’s testers can make strong testing procedures with cases that simply fit their needs and can organize tests as indicated by these divisions.

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Learn Steps to Obtaining Logs on iOS and Android with TestOrigen

Learn Steps to Obtaining Logs on iOS and Android with TestOrigen. android logA log, in a computing setting, is the consequently delivered and time-stamped documentation of android log events or ios console log applicable to a specific framework. All software product applications and frameworks deliver log records.

What is android log Logcat?

The Logcat window in Android Studio shows framework messages, for example, when a refuse accumulation happens, and messages that you added to your application with the Log class. It shows messages continuously and keeps a history so you can see older messages.




There are various types of logs on Android devices such as:

  • Android app log
  • Android event log
  • Android system log
  • Android console log
  • Android studio log
  • Android error log
  • Android debug log
  • Android app crash log
  • Tag log android
  • Android kernel log
  • Android startup log.
  • android network log
  • android phone log


All these logs are recorded using various logging tools like android remote logging; android disable logging etc. as well as can be documented in android logging library for the future use.

Android logging best practices:

Android System offers developers an incorporated framework to deal with all android log files. Every engineer can compose custom android log tag messages in his application that will be obvious in the brought together framework. Each log message has a related tag and needs consistent. Along these lines, you can filter log statements from the brought together logs framework effortlessly.

  • Compose a log proclamation
  • Survey a log explanation
  • Expel logs for application in production

What is ios console log?

Once the “iOS Console” application introduced: Start by compelling shutting the Plex application on your iOS gadget. Open the iOS Console application. Associate your iOS gadget through USB due to which a window will open your console logs.

Various types of iOS logs:

  • ios crash log
  • ios console log app
  • ios system log
  • ios debug log
  • ios update log
  • ios error log
  • ios event log

ios logging best practices:

Keys point to remember during ios logging:

  • While creating, it must be minor to reset the rundown of issues or turn off the notification.
  • While building up, the error messages just as well appear in some certain place, as on the screen on in comfort.
  • Once conveyed, errors must pleasantly send to the mothership for examination.
  • Turn on Trace/Info logging when endeavouring to find an issue with
  • Turn off console logging for ‘Discharge’ to accelerate things for the client
  • Should clean-up after itself to be a decent subject on the phone

Survey Logs

Keeping in touch with the logs in an Expo application merely works like in the program: utilize console.log, console.warn and console.error.

Obtaining of Mobile Connect debug logs on iOS and Android gadgets:

Please take note of that the accompanying screenshots were gone up against an Android gadget yet a similar process is additionally substantial for the iOS gadgets.

Step 1. Open the Mobile Connect application on your Android or iOS gadget and tap “Settings”.

Step 1. Open the Mobile Connect application inside your Android or iOS gadget. android log

Step 2. Once inside the “Settings” menu, tap “Logs”.

Step 2 Once inside the Settings menu, tap Logs. android log

Step 3. Allow the “Debug Logging” setting. Before endeavouring to duplicate the issue is prescribed to clear the logs with the goal that you just catch the crisp logs.

Step 3. Allow the Debug Logging setting. android log

Step 4. When you have reproduced the issue, send out the logs by tapping “Email Logs”.

Step 4. When you have reproduced the issue, send out the logs by tapping Email Logs. android log

Step 5. Sent the logs to your Technical Support or email for facilitating examination.

Step 5. Sent the logs to your email or Technical Support for facilitate examination.  android log

This above-given tutorial is the simple way for the collection of logs. However, TestOrigen’s testers can find any android log as well as well aware of ios console log that is making us a pleasant company for our clients. We are known how to get call logs on Android and to provide best logging service android as well as portraying themselves as an ios device log viewer in so many difficult situations. So do contact and get more information on collecting logs, android log analysis or how to create a log file in an android application with cheapest price tags.

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Nokia 2: An Affordable gift of Technology

Nokia 2- An Affordable gift of Technology. nokia 2 2017The landing of Nokia 2 2017 will give the brand an essential lift in the smartphone world. Nokia 6 and Nokia 5 or Nokia 3, all given Android OS, was propelled not long ago and later the organization propelled their first Nokia 8.

As indicated by Qualcomm India head Larry Paulson, Nokia’s rebound is an extremely positive story. He stated, “We as a whole know the historical backdrop of Nokia and how solid it was in India. Indeed, 2017 is an alternate world, yet it’s a major market, and there is a great deal of space for some brands to be successful. If Nokia executes, they have a strong possibility of being a champ in the market.”

Nokia 2 specification:


The Nokia 2 2017 driven by a 1.3GHz Quad-core Cortex A7 processor set upon Qualcomm Snapdragon 212 MSM8909 motherboard. Helping the processor is a 2GB of RAM and Adreno 304 graphics card. The cell phone arrives in a black hued body with luxurious looks. It has a polycarbonate raise board with bent edges and weighs 140 grams.


Imaging is taken care by an 8-megapixel back camera which alongside a LED streak is intended to catch low-light shots and record recordings. On the front, the cell phone furnished with a 5-megapixel front-facing camera which clients can use for selfies and video calling.


One of the greatest offering purposes of the Nokia 2 android gadget is the 5-inch HD display which accompanies a differentiation proportion of 13000:1. Also, the screen comes ensured with Corning Gorilla Glass 3.


As far as software, the gadget will accompany Android Nougat 7.1.1 which is a first for Nokia 2 2017 in this section. Nokia has kept the interface entirely near stock rendition which will keep it simple on the processor. Also, Nokia is promising to keep the Nokia 2 ‘fully secure and updated’, influencing it future-to verification. This implies the Nokia 2 will get the update for Android Oreo in due time.

Battery and Connectivity

The Nokia 2 upheld by a non-removable Li-Ion 4,100mAh battery which one can hope to keep going for a whole day. Network choices incorporate dual-SIM support, 4G, Wi-Fi 802.11 b/g/n, Bluetooth 4.1, GPS, and a micro USB 2.0 port.

Nokia 2 price in India 2017:

Nokia 2 mobile price:

The Nokia 2 has valued at 99 euros for worldwide markets, which is a little-finished Rs 7,000. Despite the fact that the cost for Indian markets has not revealed yet, the Nokia 2 mobile price in India may estimate in the region of Rs 6,000 to Rs 6,500.

Nokia 2 launch date in India:

Although Nokia 2 launch date in India not yet announced but rumours about Nokia 2 release date will be somewhere in mid-November 2017 that means soon the people experience this latest Nokia 2 image in 2017 with a best affordable price.


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Top characteristics Must review during Usability Testing

Top characteristics Must Be reviewed during Usability Testing. characteristics of usability testingToday, we are living in a universe of touch devices and unbounded looking over sites. It, although, increases the developer’s responsibility in the development of an app. Developers must launch the app which is user-friendly due to which the characteristics of usability testing must take care and well known to both the developers and testers.

In an industry dedicated to the general population who utilize touch products, services and applications, usability testing in software testing is principal.

The principal objective of usability testing in software testing is to advise the planned procedure from the viewpoint of the end client. User-centered configuration focused around planning for good clients experiences, and types of usability testing disclose to developers who that individual is, in what setting they’ll utilize a product, and what objective they are hoping to accomplish.

Usability testing definition: Usability testing methodology is a quality property that evaluates how simple UIs is to utilize. “Usability” as well alludes to strategies for enhancing convenience during the developing procedure.

Thus below mentioned top characteristics of usability testing assisting the software testing world in making a user-friendly app and websites:

Learnability: How simple is it for clients to finish first assignments the first time when they experience the outline?

Productivity: Once clients have learned the outline, how rapidly would they be able to perform undertakings?

Memorability: When clients come back to the outline after a time of not utilizing it, how effortlessly would they be able to restore proficiency?

Issues: what number issues do clients make, how serious are these issues, and how effortlessly would they be able to recover from the issues?

Fulfillment: How lovely is it to utilize the outline?

There are numerous other critical characteristics of usability testing. A key one is a utility, which alludes to the outline’s functionality: Does it do what clients require?

Utility and usability testing methods are similarly essential and together decide if something is valuable: It is necessary little that something is simple if it’s not what you need. It’s additionally no great if the framework can theoretically do what you need. However, you can’t get it going due to the UI is excessively troublesome. To consider an outline’s utility, you can utilize a similar client examine techniques that enhance convenience.

Advantages of using usability testing tools

Usability testing lets the plan and advancement groups distinguish issues before they are coded. The prior issues are distinguished and settled; the more affordable the fixes will be as far as both staff time and conceivable effect to the calendar.

  • Learn if members can finish determined undertakings effectively
  • Recognize to what extent it takes to finish determined assignments.
  • Discover how fulfilled members are with your Web webpage or other software product
  • Differentiate changes required to enhance client execution and fulfilment
  • Furthermore, break down the execution to check whether it meets your usability goals.


Usability testing is a significant part of the outlined procedure – it’s an awesome approach to see how your client base collaborates with your software product. As you just observed, diverse sorts of client testing suit distinctive sorts of objectives.

Eventually, the best arrangement of client testing depends totally on what your software product is, what you’re hoping to find out about it, and how much time you have accessible. So it’s dependent upon you to consider which technique will best suit your requirements with a specific end goal to accumulate the most significant feedback on the client experience of your software product.

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Differentiating Factors of Web app, Desktop and Client-Server Testing

Differentiating Factors of Web app, Desktop and Client-Server Testing. web application testing, desktop application testing, client server testingNowadays many sorts of software testing platforms are accessible for a testing software product. However generally utilized is web application testing, desktop application testing, client server testing other than there is a considerable measure of their mixtures.

Web innovation is quickly growing at this point. Professionals in manual and automated testing realize that numerous sorts of web programs exist presently. At the beginning of web innovation, there were just 2-tire web software products known as client-server applications.

Whenever web and software innovation turned out to be more advanced, 3-tire web applications showed up.

Although three types of frameworks are available at current software market that is web application testing, desktop application testing, client server testing, and this can synchronously work on more than one gadget.

Those, who perform compatibility testing, security testing, functional testing, and so on of web programs, realize that there is a few difference in web application testing, desktop application testing, client server testing.

However, few people are still confused and achieving a stop about obscured the distinction between web application testing, desktop application testing, client server testing. However, this below mentioned differentiating factors would reveal the critical testing highlights of these three software testing types.

What is web application testing?

The web application is an application reserved at a remote server that needs a web program as a customer to run and web for resource/information exchange. In this, the web testing is done on various programs, different Operating System. The application is checked for its OS compatibility and browser compatibility, highlights like back end, functionality, static page testing, GUI, load testing.

 What is desktop application testing?

The desktop application is an application intended to serve independent machines that don’t require web for its operation. In this sort of testing, we concentrate on a particular condition. It includes testing the application totally in highlights like backend, graphical UI, functionality and database or load.

What is client server testing?

The client server application testing executed for the 2 tier apps. Here we will have front-end and backend. The application propelled on front-end will have structures and reports which will be monitoring and controlling information at the back-end.

Below Given some more points to clear out your doubt about the web application testing, desktop application testing, client server testing:

Web based application testing:

  • Distribution and upgradation for web application require distribution on the single arrangement of server machines.
  • Web applications can get from anyplace, so there is no area limitation.
  • Web applications are stage autonomous; they can work in various sorts of stages with the primary necessity of web program
  • Web applications are at higher security hazards as they are characteristically intended to expand accessibility.
  • Web applications depend vigorously on web network, for their operation.

Example of the web application testing framework: These applications 3 – level normally created on the Internet. These have a program, a database and a web server. These applications mainly worked in Javascript, HTML, XML etc. and the web server is, for the most part, worked in Java, ASP, JavaScript, VBScript, and PHP. The Database servers would be a prophet, MySQL, SQL server and so forth.

Desktop based application testing:

  • Distribution and any upgradation/fix are done on single customer machines independently.
  • As desktop is limited to an independent machine, so they can be just gotten to from the machines they sent
  • Desktop applications should be created independently for various stage machines.
  • Desktop application then again has better approval and heads have better control, consequently more secure.
  • Desktop applications don’t require web for their operations. A few applications simply require web availability at the season of updations.

Example of desktop application testing: Applications like MS Excel, MS Word, and Outlook. Some desktop applications made by advancements like HTML and JS which enable the engineers to compose code. In this way, the desktop applications additionally built of these advances.

Client server testing in software testing:

  • Client Server testing keeps running on two more PCs.
  • There are at least two frameworks in which one is server and other is a client. The application stacked on the server and an executable document introduced on the client machines.
  • It has a different client yet predetermined number.
  • In this, we know about the server area.
  • It is performed on 2 level applications usually.
  • In Client Server, we test highlights of apps like GUI on the two sides, functionality.
  • Here the earth is usually the intranet.
  • These are menu driven application testing.
  • In Client Server application there are constrained clients, and the application client is already known. They may have a password/username to get the application.

Example of client server application testing: These applications are 2 – level created in LAN as a rule. They have a front end in the type of structures and reports. The front end would enable the client to control and bring information. These applications created in C#, VB, Core Java etc. and would client Database such as Sybase, MySQL, Oracle.

According to contrast among these three, the web application testing methodology comes where, how to get into the assets.

On the other hand using client server testing tools once the network is made it will be in the state on associated, though if there should arise an occurrence of web testing HTTP convention is stateless, at that point there comes logic of cookies, which isn’t in client server.

Whereas Automation testing tools for the desktop application have customarily been restricted by the equipment on which they run.

For client server application clients are outstanding, while for automated web application testing any client can login and get to the substance, he/she will utilize it according to his goals.

Moreover, in desktop application testing tools, open source may have strict equipment prerequisites that must be met to guarantee that they work efficiently.

However whether it is web application testing services or using of desktop application testing tools, client-server apps, each one has their benefits and limitations that we need to be aware of, which helps you in choosing the required software testing for your apps. However, TestOrigen’s tester is very smart and well understands how to test desktop application manually as well as automatically with great knowledge of client-server testing and web application testing tools too.

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Mobile Testing with Simulators fulfilling the lack of a real device

Mobile Testing with Simulators fulfilling the lack of a real device. mobile simulators for testingTesting on real devices dependably pays off. However, that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t likewise use mobile simulators for testing. This virtual situation not just grows your testing scope to more gadgets, yet additionally are a speedy and simple approach to test little changes on the fly.

What is simulator in mobile testing?

The mobile app testing simulators is a less complicated application that simulates a portion of the mobile’s habits, yet does not copy hardware and does not work on the real OS.

These tools are more easy to use and helpful for the lack of a real device. A mobile simulator might be made by the gadget maker or by some other organization offering a simulation domain for developers or testers.


Various types of mobile simulators for testing iOS and Androids:

For iOS applications, the Xcode mobile handset simulators empower us to test crosswise over various mixtures of hardware and software, yet just from a Mac.

Note the accompanying necessities:

  • Testing with the iOS Simulator requires a Macintosh PC and Xcode.
  • The .application document of the application under test.

Follow these steps to generate The .application File:

By default setting, any iOS project is worked to keep running on   armv7s, armv7 and arm64 frameworks which associated with mobile devices. To run it on a PC, we have to add i386 to Valid Architectures. Take these steps in Xcode to make an .application document with i386 added to its Valid Architectures:

  1. Open the project
  2. Select the project in the left sheet
  3. Select the project name under targets
  4. Tap on Build Settings
  5. Write “valid” in the Search bar at the upper right corner
  6. Tap on “Valid Architectures” in the list items
  7. Add i386 to the current structures
  8. Assemble the project

Since we have the .application document, we have to install it on the Xcode simulator.

Project to install The .application File on the Xcode Simulator:

  1. Dispatch the Xcode test system

Dispatch the Xcode test system. mobile simulators for testing

2. Open Terminal

 Open Terminal. mobile simulators for testing

3. Write the accompanying summon: xcrun simctl introduce booted “area of the .application document” and press Enter

Write the accompanying summon xcrun simctl introduce booted area of the application document and press Enter. mobile simulators for testing

4. The application will be installed on the mobile simulator

The application will be installed on the mobile simulator.  mobile simulators for testing

5. Dispatch the application

Android Emulator:

Same as to iOS simulator, Android mobile simulators for testing is named as emulator and it is cross-platform compatible so you can install them on desktops of Mac, Windows, or Linux OS with no issue.

For establishment of Android emulator, you need to download its whole pack of ADT for Eclipse and Android SDK. When you introduce the Android SDK bundle as indicated by the Google’s rules and with Intel x86 Emulator Accelerator.

When you complete establishments, now going to make Android Virtual Device for your focused aims on testing gadget. Next, in AVD director, you will see the rundown of preset gadgets in Device Definitions, and in this rundown, you will discover assortment of Google items including non specific gadgets.

Presently, select one of the presets and make your selected gadgets by tapping on Create AVD button. Further, select CPU as indicated by your machine and set No Skin and in addition Use have GPU to run virtual gadget on your machine. At long last, you can run program to test website on mobile locally utilizing some console order and mouse reciprocally.

Lujayn has best responsive website composition developers who utilize some different test systems and emulators excessively like Opera Mini Emulator BlackBerry Simulators and Windows Phone Emulator for Windows 8.

We have seen that how to test mobile application using simulator as well as that virtual gadgets function admirably to design, prototyping and testing mobile applications while the underlying phases of improvement. Testing the application on a virtual gadget is exceptionally helpful yet it must never displace real devices testing.

However, a major part of mobile testing is executed on real devices previously the application is discharged for end clients. A decent approach is to utilize a mixture of both, simulator testing while the underlying stages and real device testing at the late phases of app improvement life-cycle.

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Did you know Fuzz Testing?

Did you know Fuzz Testing. fuzz testing in software testingFuzzing or Fuzz testing in software testing is the strategy that includes giving invalid, sudden or irregular test contributions to the software product framework under test. The framework is then observed for crashes and other nasty habit. Fuzz testing can be compelling for discovering security vulnerabilities, for example, the Heartbleed bug.

What is fuzz testing?

Fuzz testing definition: Fuzz testing in software testing is a sort of testing where semi-automated or automated testing methods are utilized to find coding defects and security loopholes in software product, Os, or network by contributing invalid or irregular information called FUZZ to the framework. After which the framework is checked for different special cases, for example, smashing down of the framework or falling flat in-built code, and so forth.

How fuzz testing web applications performed:

Fuzz testing is an exceptionally basic strategy to execute:

  • Set up a right document to contribution to your program.
  • Substitute some piece of the document with irregular information.
  • Open the document with the program.
  • See what breaks.


You can fluctuate the random information in any number of ways. For instance, you may randomize the whole document as opposed to substituting only a small piece of it. You could constrain the document to ASCII content or non-zero bytes. Regardless of how you might look at it, the key is to toss a considerable measure of random information at an application and see what fails.

Various Testing procedure for automated white-box fuzz testing

Protocol-Based Fuzzers, the best fuzzer is to have detailed understanding of protocol format being tested. The understanding relies upon the particular details. It includes composing a variety of the detail into the fuzz testing tools at that point by utilizing model-based test generation procedure experience the determination and include defect in the information substance, succession, and so forth. This is as well called syntax testing, punctuation testing, and robustness testing, and so on. Fuzzer can produce test cases from existing one, or they can utilize legitimate or invalid sources of inputs.

Mutation-Based Fuzzers modify existing information samples to make new test information. This is extremely basic and straight forward approach; this begins with legitimate samples of convention and continues mutilating each byte or record.

Generation-Based Fuzzers characterize new information relying on the contribution of the model. It begins creating contribution from the scratch in view of the detail.

Fuzz testing example:

A typical fuzz testing example is a whole number field that is intended to oblige a couple of particular numbers, for example, one through five, yet where a client can enter any number relying on the non-exclusive setup of the information field or control. Entering a high value may cause an issue or crash. While, fuzz testing in software testing, engineers try different things with contributing a wide range of irregular reactions, and afterward report any bugs that happen. At times, engineers may utilize a tool called a fuzzer to infuse random information.

Rundown of fuzz testing tools and techniques:

Fuzz testing tools and techniques can be utilized to test any kind of software, and numerous fuzzers exist for particular purposes.

The accompanying is a rundown of fuzzers, the vast majority of them being open source fuzzing tools and many still in dynamic improvement.


Crash Observation Engine, a tool created by CERT which utilizes mutational fuzzing to recognize vulnerabilities in Windows programs.


A developmental information based fuzzer.

Google Sanitizers

A collection of four information sanitizers created at Google that utilized fuzzing to recognize program errors:

LeakSanitizer, which recognizes memory leaks

ThreadSanitizer, which recognizes race conditions in C++ and Go

AddressSanitizer, which recognizes memory address, defects in C++ and C programs

Memory Sanitizer, which recognizes uninitialized memory.


The source code of CERT FOE.


American Fuzzy Lop, a tool that utilizes hereditary calculations to test the security of assembled projects.


A tool created by Twitter to find vulnerabilities in web administrations.


A protocol fuzzing toolbox.


The circulated fuzzing tools for windows and Linux.

Pros and Cons of fuzz testing in software testing


  • Fuzz testing enhances Software Security Testing.
  • Bugs found in fuzzing are occasionally extreme and more often than not utilized by hackers including unhandled exception, memory spill, crashes and so forth.
  • In a case any of the bugs’ neglects to get saw by the testers because of the impediment of time and assets those bugs are additionally found in Fuzz testing.


  • Fuzz testing alone can’t give a whole image of a general security danger or bugs.
  • Fuzz testing is less compelling for managing security dangers that don’t cause program crashes, for example, some infections, worms, Trojan, and so forth.
  • Fuzz testing can recognize just easily detectable flaws or dangers.
  • To perform successfully, it will require noteworthy time.


Fuzz testing basically security testing and we have the mastery, tools, and services you require to solve your security testing issues.

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Top Best ways to make good relationship among QA and Developers

Top Best ways to make good relationship among QA and Developers. qa and developer relationshipIn a development group, there are times when the QA and developer relationship can grow up noticeably exhausted. The main question arises that how should QA engineer communicate with a developer? How might you transform this potential conflict between developer and tester into something more positive?

Is it a role in the expertise of team-working attempting to discover methods for maintaining a strategic distance from contact, or would it be a good idea for one to accuse a framework that depends for good social abilities to function effectively?

It’s silly, how nearly everywhere developers consider QA engineers as the troublemakers. In reality it is not their faults as nobody want to hear defects and issues in his/her own child.

Also, same thing which QA engineers or testers are doing, obviously expectation behind that is to convey quality software product to customer. Always there is harshness sooner or later in the relationship between developer and tester. Ask why? It’s the character and duty of these two parts.

At the point when count of bug increases or bugs are serious and it’s making trouble for developer in fixing that bug, developer get disappointed at the number of bugs and even at the quality analyst also. The understanding level between the developers and testers working together struggle in one place as well as in numerous regions.

However let’s be enthusiastic: What can QA do and what perspective would it be advisable for both the testing team and development team in achieving the end goal to understand the capability of coordinated development?


Below some of the ways that can be helpful in enhancing the QA and developer relationship while working together:

Try not to Embarrass: As nobody likes faults to be brought up. That is human instinct. Take a stab at clarifying the 10,000 foot view requirement for fixing that specific bug as opposed to simply terminating cumbersome bug reports at developers. A flood of bugs not just annoys the developers but it makes tester and developer relationship worthless.

Similarly as tester can’t test a program totally, developers can’t develop programs without issues, and they have to know this before whatever else. Defects are presumed; they’re a natural part of the software testing and development life-cycle.

Be Patient and Cordial: As a tester you may think that it’s harder to assure an engineer about a defect you’ve found. Frequently, if a tester uncovered one bug, the software engineer will be prepared with ten supports. It’s occasionally troublesome for engineers to acknowledge the way that their code is defective—and another person has found it.

Developers want support from the QA testers, who can guarantee them that finding new bugs is healthy, advantageous and critical in making the software product as well as it can be expected. A humanistic approach will dependably enable the QA and engineers to know themselves better. Trust me, in a matter of moments a similar individual could sit with you and making fun at the issues that presented bugs, it feels you bad. However, friendliness generally helps in getting the developers to say “yes” to your bug report. An essential initial step for making developer tester conversation good for starting!

Be Cautious: Adaptability and diplomacy don’t substitute the need to be careful. Engineers regularly discover a reason to state that they declined to settle a bug since they didn’t understand how genuine the issue was. The testers must outline their bug reports and test records in a way that apparently lays out the dangers and reality of issues. What’s far superior is to direct a meeting between quality analyst and developers for disclosing the issues personally to them. It will surely make QA and developer relationship phenomenal.

You Win Some, You Lose Some: As the testers who make their bug reports as inflexible as could be expected under the circumstances. They won’t listen to the engineer’s clarifications for not having the capacity to settle a bug or actualize a feature. Testers need to relax and sit with the engineer for investigating the need as well as seriousness of a bug together. This will help better communication among QA and developers. In any case that the developer has a legitimate and sensible clarification behind their objection to change something then tries to understand their point of view. However be assured where to adhere software testing methodologies in ensuring a definitive quality of the software product.

Few more Tips explained below to make good relationship among testers and developers:

  1. Share your procedure with engineers. Try not to keep it imagining that you will give it as an issue at later stage. This won’t be good for the QA and developer relationship goals.
  2. Tester must be friendly with developers that make a good bond among developer and tester.
  3. Testers have positive issue announcing style; it must not hurt somebody’s emotions.


TestOrigen’s testers are following the same guidance mentioned here which is the key to success of our more than thousand projects. Moreover, it is important to always remember that both the QA and developer relationship goals really have a similar objective. Both of them need to discharge the most ideal software product as fast as would be possible.

At the point when both testers and developers work together towards that objective, small differences won’t appear that huge. The QA and developers will have the capacity to function properly in solving issues and may even understand that engineers and testers aren’t enemies after all.

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